Ibn sci contrib 15 pp 3745 gerlach jp reich pb

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: rous stands in relation to pure coniferous stands at similar sites in south-eastern Norway. Scand. J. For. Res. 17: 139–149. Frivold, L.H., and Kolström, T. 1999. Yield and treatment of mixed stands of boreal tree species in Fennoscandia. In Management of mixed-species forest: silviculture and economics. Edited by A.F. Olsthoorn, F.M. Bartelink, J.J. Gardiner, H. Pretzsch, H.J. Hekhuis, and A. Franc. Institute for Forestry and Nature Research, Wageningen, Netherlands. IBN Sci. Contrib. 15. pp. 37–45. Gerlach, J.P., Reich, P.B., Puettmann, K., and Baker, T. 1997. Species, diversity, and density affect tree seedling mortality from Armillaria root rot. Can. J. For. Res. 27: 1509–1512. © 2006 NRC Canada 2494 Goldberg, D.E., Rajaniemi, T., Gurevitch, J., and Stewart-Oaten, A. 1999. Empirical approaches to quantifying interaction intensity: competition and facilitation along productivity gradients. Ecology, 80: 1118–1131. Grime, J.P. 1998. Benefits of plant diversity to ecosystems: immediate, filter and founder effects. J. Ecol. 86: 902–910. Haeussler, S., and Bergeron, Y. 2004. Range of variability in boreal aspen plant communities after wildfire and clear-cutting. Can. J. For. Res. 34: 274–288. Haeussler, S., Bedford, L., Boateng, J.O., and MacKinnon, A. 1999. Plant community response to mechanical site preparation in northern interior British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 29: 1084–1100. Haight, R.G. 1993. The economics of Douglas-fir and red alder management with stochastic price trends. Can. J. For. Res. 23: 1695–1703. Hamann, A., and Wang, T. 2005. Models of climatic normals for genecology and climate change studies in British Columbia. Agric. For. Meteorol. 128: 211–221. Hammond, H. 1991. Seeing the forest among the trees: the case for wholistic forest use. Polestar Press Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. Hansen, J., Nazarenko, L., Ruedy, R., Sato, M., Willis, J., Del Genio, A., Koch, D., Lacis, A., Lo, K., Menon, S., Novakov, T., Perlwitz, J., Russel, G., Schmidt, G.A., and Tausnev, N. 2005. Earth’s energy imbalance: confirmations and implications. Science, 308: 1431–1435. Harper, J.L. 1977. Population biology of plants. Academic Press, New York. Heineman, J.L., Simard, S.W., and Mather, W.J. 2002. Natural regeneration of small patch cuts in a southern interior ICH forest. Working Pap. 64, British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. Available from http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/docs/wp/ wp64.htm. Johnson, E.A., Fryer, G.I., and Heathcott, M.J. 1990. The influence of man and climate on fire frequency in the Interior Wet Belt forest, British Columbia. J. Ecol. 78: 403–412. Jones, M.D., Durall, D.M., Harniman, S.M.K., Classen, D.C., and Simard, S.W. 1997. Ectomycorrhizal diversity on Betula papyrifera and Pseudotsuga menziesii seedlings grown in the greenhouse or outplanted in single-species and mixed plots in southern British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 27: 1872–1889. Kabzems, R., and Garcia, O. 2004. Structure and dynamics of trembling aspen – white spruce mixed stands near Fort Nelson, B.C. Can. J. For. Res. 34: 384–395. Kenk, G.K. 1992. Silviculture of mixed species stands in Germany. In The ecology of mixed species stands of trees. Vol. 11. Edited by M.G.R. Cannell, D.C. Malcom, and P.A. Robertson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK, and British Ecological Society, London, UK. pp. 53–63. Kimmins, J.P., Caza, C., Messier, C., Karakatsoulis, J., Scoullar, K.A., and Apps, M.J. 1990. FORCYTE and FORECAST: ecosystem-level management models with which to examine the yield, economic, energy and wildlife implications of vegetation management as a component of rotation-length silvicultural systems. Can. For. Serv. FRDA Rep. 109. Klinka, K, Worrall, J., Skoda, L., and Varga, P. 2000. The distribution and synopsis of ecological and silvical characteristics of tree species of British Columbia’s forests. Canadian Cartographics Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. Kneitel, J.M., and Chase, J.M. 2004. Trade-offs in community ecology: linking spatial scales and species coexistence. Ecol. Lett. 7: 69–80. Lautenschlager, R.A. 2000. Can intensive silviculture contribute to Can. J. For. Res. Vol. 36, 2006 sustainable forest management in northern ecosystems? For. Chron. 76: 283–295. Lieffers, V.J., Macmillan, R.B., MacPherson, D., Branter, K., and Stewart, J.D. 1996. Semi-natural and intensive silvicultural systems for the boreal mixedwood forest. For. Chron. 72: 286–292. Lieffers, V.J., Pinno, B.D., and Stadt, K.J. 2002. Light dynamics and free-to-grow standards in aspen-dominated mixedwood forests. For. Chron. 78: 137–145. Löfman, S., and Kouki, J. 2001. Fifty years of landscape transformation in managed forests of southern Finland. Scand. J. For. Res. 16: 44–53. Lortie, C.J., and Callaway, R.M. 2006. Re-analysis of metaanalysis: support for the stress-gradient hypothesis. J. Ecol. 94: 7–16. Maestre, F.T., Valladares, F., and Reynolds, J.F. 2005. Is the change of plant–plant intera...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online