Plato SG - Plato Study Guide What is philosophy Historical...

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Plato Study Guide What is philosophy? Historical periods Metaphysics/Axiology/Epistemology/Logic Philosophy’s relevance to real life Cosmos or Universe? Euthyphro Two Presocratics: Heraclitus and Parmenides Socrates-Plato-Aristotle Virtue based ethics vs. Rule based ethics Cardinal virtues in three traditions: Greek, Christian, Chinese Piety: proper respect Euthyphro’s story Tension between loyalty to family and impartial justice First Definition of piety: what type of definition? Problems with the definition Second Definition of piety and its problems Polytheism: there are many gods and they disagree. The epistemological problem The moral problem The consistency problem Third Definition The Euthyphro problem: is it pious because it is loved by the gods or is it loved by the gods because it is pious? First horn denies the goodness of the gods Second horn invalidates Euthyphro’s definition Last Definition: type of definition Problem with the last definition Apology The meaning of “apology”
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Plato SG - Plato Study Guide What is philosophy Historical...

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