A&P I Presentation - Chapter 1

Producesheat organsystemsofthebody

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Unformatted text preview: od cell formation Stores minerals Organ Systems of the Body Organ Systems of the Body Muscular system Composed of muscles and tendons Allows manipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facial expression Maintains posture Produces heat Organ Systems of the Body Organ Systems of the Body Nervous system Integrates and coordinates body functions Composed of the brain, spinal column, and nerves Is the fast­acting control system of the body Responds to stimuli by activating muscles and glands Organ Systems of the Body Organ Systems of the Body Endocrine System Integrates and coordinates body functions Includes all glands that secrete chemical messengers, also called hormones Hormones alter the metabolism of target cells Examples of organs of the ES are the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes, pineal gland, and thymus gland Organ Systems of the Body Organ Systems of the Body Cardiovascular system Composed of the heart and blood vessels The heart pumps blood The blood vessels transport blood throughout the body Organ Systems of the Body Organ Systems of the Body Lymphatic system Composed of red bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, and lymphatic vessels Picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to blood Disposes of debris in the lymphatic stream Houses white blood cells involved with immunity Organ Systems of the Body Organ Systems of the Body Respiratory system Composed of the nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs Keeps blood supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide Organ Systems of the Body Organ Systems of the Body Digestive system Composed of the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus, and liver Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood Elimina...
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