Unit 2 - Unit 2 From Homer to Hesiod Eighth to seventh...

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Unformatted text preview: Unit 2 9/7/07 From Homer to Hesiod Eighth to seventh century BCE - Homer written before Hesiod- about 25 to 50 years later Transition from oral poets to rhapsode - Homer oral poet came up with stories right on the spot- Hesiod rhapsode perform their poetry at festivals, MEMORIZE their text • Oral poet-improvisation within a tradition - no memorization, improvises on the spot • Rhapsode-traditional tales in hymns - memorization, tales handed down • Literary artist/writer-composed; tradition is Homer (and Hesiod) - traditional tales • Folktale-myth-fiction ( pseudos ) - phases: folktale myth fiction –Hesiod and the Muses- muses inspire the poet- muses willing to lie Herodotus (5 th century BCE) “It was Homer and Hesiod who created for the Greeks a genealogy of the gods, gave the gods their epithets, distributed their honors and competences, and stamped them with their form.”- Creation Myths • Homer: Okeanos and Tethys are the parents of all; a horizon of water - Okeanos Ocean- river around the world is Okeanos- (Homer lived on an island)? • Cretan Theogony(in Apollodorus): Emphasis on Cretan locales and rituals - Theogony birth of the gods • Hesiod focuses on genealogy-gods as a family; oikos- oikos family- friction in families, sons and fathers, who will be in charge Major themes in Hesiod • Proliferation and distribution - chaos and disorder major theme of Hesiod • Movement from natural forces to anthropomorphic gods - anthropomorphic gods with human form • Transition from female to male power - culminates with male power Zeus- rule of Zeus over the cosmos • Creation of a cosmos (order); Zeus as cosmocrator, not creator - didn’t create the cosmos… keeps order of the cosmos- crator ruler- cosmocrator ruler of the cosmos • Three/triads/trebling- SETS OF 3!!!!!!!!!!!!!!- shows the influence of folktale Chaos plus Three • Chaos (The Abyss)-A gap or space for things to happen - Chaos a gap, chasm, deep space, abyss- everything begins with chaos in Hesiod Connection of time and space - time and space- chaos • Earth (Gaia), Tartaros(hodgepodge), Eros (love) - Eros without Eros, there would be no theogony- important • Parthenogenesis of the Earth-Ouranos(Sky), Mountains, Sea- Parthenogenesis virgin birth- often produce monsters- trebling SET OF 3!!!!!!!!!!!- earth creates sky, mountains, and sea Separating Heaven and Earth • Offspring of Heaven and Earth: - sky falls in love with earth (his mother)- sky lies on earth, wont get off of her, NON-STOP SEX- too much progeny: 1)The 12 Titans - offspring of sky and earth - ruled the universe before the Olympians did 2)Cyclopes-engineers of thunderbolts - not the same as Homer’s Cyclopes >SET OF 3!!!!!!...
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Unit 2 - Unit 2 From Homer to Hesiod Eighth to seventh...

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