Unit 3 - Unit 3 9/19/07 Homeric Hymns (Basic Themes)...

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Unit 3 9/19/07 Homeric Hymns (Basic Themes) • Pan-Hellenism (national identity) - sense of national identity - Olympic Games (reflect national identity) • Role of Zeus and the Olympian order - Cult organized system of worship - god comes to the cult sites (local feeling) • Aetiology; arrival of the god; epiphany - god comes to the specific region, and does a specific thing… - ex: Why is Delphi associated with Apollo? - Apollo came to Delphi, killed a monster, etc Aetiology - Epiphany god revealing him/herself to humans - god is usually much taller than humans - radiance light pouring out of the god - sight of the god causes awe and disorientation • Acquisition of honors or timai of the deity - honors consist of humans doing rights or rituals in honor of the god’s arrival - honors usually for heroes (kleos) • Threat of feminine power to the Olympian order - threat of feminine power Hymn to Apollo • Homeric, but not Homer; rhapsodes - not actually written by Homer - composed and memorized - performed by rhapsodes - performed at festivals to various gods • A blind poet from Chios - performs his hymns in honor of the gods - ritual and religion (not just entertainment) further evidence that Homer was blind
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• Date (680-550 BCE); one hymn or two? Delian and Pythian - debate about when this was written down - debate about if there is one hymn or two hymns - Delian hymn and Pythian hymn • Aetiologies; arrival at cult sites, epiphanies; relation to epithets - Apollo appears to sailors from Crete - hijacks them, enslaves them to his temple Delos, Mt. Helicon, Delphi - 3 places he goes to (TREBLING) evidence that this was all ONE hymn Structure of the Hymn 1.Arrival at Olympus/ Introduction (1-29) - starts out with Apollo’s arrival at Olympus - the other gods are there - the other gods are terrified by him - his mother, Lito, puts him in line crisis is adverted 2.Birth at Delos (Delian Apollo) (30-145) - next we hear about his birth at Delos - named Delian Apollo - Dilos very small island - Lito trying to find a place for Apollo to be born - Dilos doesn’t want him - Lito talking to island… island talking back - “at this word ‘Lito’, I tremble” - island afraid of this god (Apollo) - Lito it will be fine - convinces the island to let her give birth to Apollo - Hera “I will not let Apollo be born on any island that has seen light of the sun” - after she said that… Dilos immerged from underneath the water 3.Festival at Delos/ Olympian scene (146-206) - first festival at Dilos - then shows Olympian scene - Apollo performs for the other gods 4.Telphousa at Mt. Helicon (207-276) - various threats to Apollo - river (female) tells him: “you don’t want to be here” “go to Delphi” - (rivers are usually male, depicted as serpent)
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5.Anonymous monster at Delphi and Typhaon (Pythian Apollo) (277-374) - anonymous monster, raised at Delphi - Apollo has no trouble slaying the monster - named Pythian Apollo 6.Back to Telphousa (Apollo Telphousios) (375-387)
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Unit 3 - Unit 3 9/19/07 Homeric Hymns (Basic Themes)...

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