05 Motivation (1) - Motivation Motivation Self-Control Willpower Willpower Ego depletion the self as a resource The agentic self The agentic Delay

05 Motivation (1) - Motivation Motivation Self-Control...

This preview shows page 1 out of 17 pages.

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 17 pages?

Unformatted text preview: Motivation Motivation Self-Control; “Willpower” “Willpower” Ego depletion – the self as a resource The “agentic” self The “agentic” Delay gratification Conscientiousness, responsibility Two kinds of motivation Two Achievement Motivation Processes Intrinsic Motivation – Internal factors • Curiosity, challenge • Inherent value in the activity. Extrinsic Motivation – External factors • Rewards (incentives), punishments (deadlines, Rewards competition) competition) Two kinds of motivation Two Intrinsic motivation – Intrinsic enthusiasm, effort, enjoyment, and success enjoyment, Extrinsic motivations Extrinsic Conditioning, compensation, competition Effort & performance are now dependent on Effort the reward/incentive the Removing the reward: motivation Removing Over-justification Over-justification Two competing motivations are disruptive Priming/activating selfish vs. communal goals Self-enhancement goals (self-esteem) vs. Self-enhancement self-assessment goals self-assessment Fear of failure Esp. with public evaluation Self-Determination Self-Determination Self-Determination Control over behavior through resolve/effort, Control not because of external success or rewards. not “Causal agency;” “Empowerment” Contributes to intrinsic motivation Very important for psychological well-being Psychological “food” Psychological increases happiness & life satisfaction increases Self-Determination Self-Determination Competence: self-efficacy Competence: 2) Autonomy: internal/intrinsic control 2) 1) • 1) Identity; Uniqueness Relatedness: social ties/relationships • Need to belong Love and Work Love Competing needs? Secure, intimate relationships More job/career satisfaction, fulfillment Less negative “spillover” Less Less “fear of failure” Less “fear Love and Work Love How does this occur? Encouragement, support, increased Encouragement, confidence confidence “Dependency Paradox” Label: “Secure/Autonomous” Label: “Secure/Autonomous” Implications for SelfImplications Determination Theory People are not inherently lazy People inherently “From birth onward, humans, in their healthiest From states, are active, inquisitive, curious, and playful creatures, displaying a ubiquitous readiness to learn and explore, and they do not require extraneous incentives to do so.” require Implications for SelfImplications Determination Theory Social Physical needs Social Contrast to “hierarchy” of needs Implications for SelfImplications Determination Theory Reactance Asserting freedom, autonomy, even rebellion Adolescence • “Romeo & Juliet effect” • M-rated video games “Mindset” – Implicit theories Entity – fixed abilities/traits Seek environments that are well-suited for Seek existing abilities (Level-1 > Level-2) existing Incremental – change, development Seek new/challenging environments Intervention—teach that intelligence, skill, Intervention—teach willpower) can be built and improved with practice (Level-2 > Level-1) practice Expectation reality Expectation Implications for SelfImplications Determination Education policy; workplace psychology Value the work, the process, mastery, and Value learning learning Implications for SelfImplications Determination Encourage: curiosity, intellectual growth, Encourage: challenges, and self-expansion challenges, “Think outside the box” • Recall: need for uniqueness, innovation Recall: Some extrinsic motivators work well Some extrinsic Praise from supportive people Praise efficacy/competence efficacy/competence ...
View Full Document

  • Fall '13
  • Motivation Motivation, SelfImplications

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes