arh314finalguide - Alberti, Sant'Andrea, Mantua, Italy,...

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Alberti, Sant’Andrea, Mantua, Italy, 1470 function: house a vial that is said to hold the blood of Christ houses the tomb of painter Andrea Mantegna audience: people would come from all over to see it and the parade through the streets of Mantua when it is brought out shown only to believers on Holy Friday, then brought out through the streets subject matter: based on the Roman triumphal arch brick with stucco on the surface large central arch flanked by Corinthian pilasters surmounted by a pediment and above that a vaulted structure o probably to shape the window opening into the church behind it façade and interior are both reminiscent of triumphal arches o nave of interior is a barrel vault one of the first times this was used on such a monumental scale since antiquity Alberti most likely wanted it to be coffered like the vault in the entrance Lack of funds forced a simple barrel vault with the coffers painted on Originally planned without a transept and possibly without the dome Historical context: the feast of Ascension o vial holding Christ’s blood is brought out highly venerated during the renaissance o affirms the Church’s role as the followers of Christ Mantegna, Palazzo Ducale, Wedding Chamber, 1474 function: a meeting room bedroom of Ludovico and wife Barbara o NOT a private place during the Ren. Audience: Subjects and foreign diplomats Subject matter: Not an actual dome or oculus o Painted to look like it with the heavens above Many scenes from classical mythology o Communicates message of power and authority Mantegna, Palazzo Ducale, Wedding Chamber, Court of Ludovico, 1474 Function:
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Idealized group portrait of the ruler and his family Audience: Subjects and foreign diplomats Subject matter: He just received a letter o We don’t know what it’s about o He’s about to tell the guy on the left what his response will be All of the court is competing for his attention He’s giving orders o Shows his authority Family dog under his throne o Enthusiastic horse and dog breeders o Important status symbols Everyone’s shoes are off o Shows respect for the company they’re in Historical context: Gonzaga family took over after a revolt that overthrew Bonacolsi family Gonzaga’s renovated the architecture in the city Poitical unrest though until the 3 rd Gonzaga (Ludovico I) o Eliminated his relatives and seized power for himself Ludovico II trying to restate his/his family’s power and authority Mantegna, Palazzo Ducale, Frescoes in Camera Picta Function: illustrating the present successes and alluding to the future ambitions of the Gonzaga dynasty audience: subjects and foreign diplomats subject matter: Ludovico and his wife, their children, friends, courtiers and animals engaged in professional and leisurely activities
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arh314finalguide - Alberti, Sant'Andrea, Mantua, Italy,...

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