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POLI 24011/13Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of MoralityWhat Does It Mean That It is All a Dream?Plato-To dream is to live non-philosophically-The dream is misleading & therefore dangerous-Plato as a poetoHis dream is less misleading & therefore not as dangerousoHOWEVER, the whole edifice is itself a dream, & not to be taken as the “thing itself”-To live philosophically is to be aware that one is dreamingNietzsche the Iconoclast (1844-1900)-Trained as a philologist-Writing after Kant, Hegel & Marx & responding to them-Targets Socrates (Plato) as well-Nietzsche is opposed to what he sees as the anti-lifetendencies of key figures of western thought-“The belly is the reason man does not so easily take himself for a god” – Nietzsche, Beyond Good & Evil, aphorism #141Being vs. Becoming-From Plato onwards, the emphasis of Western philosophers has been on discovering or uncovering BeingoFixed, unchangeable, permanent, universalo“That which is does not become, that which becomes isnot” (Plato)-Nietzsche rails against this, stressing instead the centrality of Becoming-This is in many ways a return to the pre-Socratic views of the likes of Heraclituso“All is fire”-Appearance or dreams reality-“For all the most intense life of this dream reality, we nevertheless have the thoroughly unpleasant sense of their illusory quality: that, at least, is my experience. For the frequency, indeed normality, of this response, I could point to many witnesses & the utterances of poets. Even the philosophical man has the presentiment that under this reality in which we live & have our being lies a second, totally different reality & that thus the former is an allusion”-“Now, just as the philosopher behaves in relation to the reality of existence, so the artistically excitable man behaves in relation to the reality of dreams: he looks at them precisely & with pleasure, for from these pictures he fashions his interpretation of life; from these events he rehearses his life… & perhaps several people remember, like me, amid the dangers & terrors of a dream, successfully cheering themselves up by shouting: “It is a dream! I want to dream it some more!”… These facts are clear 1
POLI 24011/13evidence showing that our innermost beings, the secret underground in all of us, experiences its dreams with deep enjoyment & a sense of delightful necessity”Are Dreams True or False?