# Lab 1.docx - Lab 1 Fluid Power Basics Caleb Shafer MMET...

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Lab 1: Fluid Power Basics Caleb Shafer MMET 401-512 Abhishek Paramasivan, MSME 1/27/2021
Memo To: Abhishek Paramasivan, MSME From : Caleb Shafer Section # : 512 Date : 1/27/2021 Re : Lab Session #1 Report _____________________________________________________________________________________ Purpose The purpose of this lab is to understand the basic properties of fluids, Ideal Gas Laws, Pascal’s Law and the differences between hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Doing so will enable the student to select the proper fluid for a given hydraulic application. Procedure In order to calculate density, specific weight, absolute viscosity and kinematic viscosity of 3 different liquids, various pieces of testing equipment were used to find specific gravity, the time it took a ball bearing to travel through the given liquids, and pressure as it related to mass. In the second exercise, Pascal’s Law was studied by examining how the head was affected by applying pressure over the area of a cylinder head. Gathering these data points provided the necessary inputs to calculate the characteristics of these liquids. Results The Results for the labs are enclosed in the attached lab handouts. Conclusions/Recommendations Ideal Gas Laws and Pascal’s Law should be understood first in order to understand hydraulic systems and the fluids that power them. Viscosity, or the measure of internal friction that a fluid experiences, is a significantly impactful physical property of fluids that should be considered when specifying a hydraulic system. There are various factors, including some that are environmental like temperature, that affect the physical properties of fluids.