Disclaimer: This is a machine generated PDF of selected content from our products. This functionality is provided solely for yourconvenience and is in no way intended to replace original scanned PDF. Neither Cengage Learning nor its licensors make anyrepresentations or warranties with respect to the machine generated PDF. The PDF is automatically generated "AS IS" and "ASAVAILABLE" and are not retained in our systems. CENGAGE LEARNING AND ITS LICENSORS SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ANYAND ALL EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES FOR AVAILABILITY,ACCURACY, TIMELINESS, COMPLETENESS, NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULARPURPOSE. Your use of the machine generated PDF is subject to all use restrictions contained in The Cengage LearningSubscription and License Agreement and/or the Gale OneFile: News Terms and Conditions and by using the machine generatedPDF functionality you agree to forgo any and all claims against Cengage Learning or its licensors for your use of the machinegenerated PDF functionality and any output derived therefrom.THE ATOMIC BOMB AND THE END OF WORLD WAR IIDate:Aug. 4, 2020 From:States News ServicePublisher:States News ServiceDocument Type:Article Length:20,166 wordsFull Text: WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The following information was released by the National Security Archive (GWU):A Collection of Primary SourcesUpdated National Security Archive Posting Marks 75th Anniversary of the Atomic Bombings of Japan and the End of World War IIExtensive Compilation of Primary Source Documents Explores Manhattan Project, Eisenhower's Early Misgivings about First NuclearUse, Curtis LeMay and the Firebombing of Tokyo, Debates over Japanese Surrender Terms, Atomic Targeting Decisions, andLagging Awareness of Radiation EffectsTo mark the 75th anniversary of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, the National Security Archive isupdating and reposting one of its most popular e-books of the past 25 years.While U.S. leaders hailed the bombings at the time and for many years afterwards for bringing the Pacific war to an end and savinguntold thousands of American lives, that interpretation has since been seriously challenged. Moreover, ethical questions haveshrouded the bombings which caused terrible human losses and in succeeding decades fed a nuclear arms race with the SovietUnion and now Russia and others.Three-quarters of a century on, Hiroshima and Nagasaki remain emblematic of the dangers and human costs of warfare, specificallythe use of nuclear weapons. Since these issues will be subjects of hot debate for many more years, the Archive has once againrefreshed its compilation of declassified U.S. government documents and translated Japanese records that first appeared on thesepages in 2005.