Essential Question: What kind of leader was Simon Bolivar?Lesson Plan1.Introduce Lesson: Today we’re going to be talking about Simon Bolivar, who was a military and political figure that played a leading role in Latin America’s struggle for independence. During hislifetime he led Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia to independence from the Spanish Empire. Through the idea of Pan-Americanism, he hoped to unite those countries into a single nation similar to the United States. Though he ultimately failed at this, he is remembered as often remembered fondly as the George Washington of Latin America. Today, weseek to take a more in-depth look at this fascinating man, and ask the question “What kind of leader was Simon Bolivar?”2.Hand out Documents A and B and the guiding questions. Students answer questions in pairs and debrief. The main takeaway is Simon Bolivar is remembered as a great liberator for good reason, but he was also not without his harder side as shown in Document B. 3.Hand out Documents C with guiding questions. Students answer questions in pairs and debrief. The big takeaway is that Simon Bolivar started out with noble enlightenment beliefs and ideals, though he was gradually worn down over the years by the struggles he encountered. Ultimately, he ended life as a dictator despite his beliefs. 4.Hand out Documents D and E with guiding questions. Students answer the questions in pairs anddebrief. The big takeaway is, despite his human failings, Bolivar has left a deep and enduring legacy both in Latin America and worldwide. It takes a truly special type of leader to leave such alegacy. 5.Assessment: After debriefing the activity orally to bring closure, hand out the Final Claim sheet and have students write a 1pg informative writing piece answering the essential question on what kind of leader was Simon Bolivar.
“El Libertador” (Document A)Source: The following portrait was painted by Tito Salas in 1930. The painting is titled “El Libertador,”which means “The Liberator.”
Proclamation of 1813 (Document B)Source: Venezuela declared its independence from Spain in 1811.