Lecture Notes 3.25.08

Lecture Notes 3.25.08 - Liberalism and its Challenges-Long...

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Liberalism and its Challenges 3/25/08 -Long Cycle: royal oligarchies, fascism and communism -The story of the rise of liberalism and its triumph against absolutisms, its crisis, the challenges posed to it in the 20 th century by the two biggest state-centered concepts: fascism and then communism -All of these came from different constellations of social forces but were challenging only in state form. -Only when nations had a stable and powerful state could challengers be seen as valid and significant. -All challengers to liberalism were based on ideology: a systematic critique derived by intellectuals. -All ideologies must be presented through organized means in the state to be any real threat. -Big challengers/innovators always happen on the periphery. -From where: cores and peripheries -New Challengers: Dynamics -End of history? What does this mean? When communism falls, history is finished (Hegel): there will be no more big ideological challengers to liberalism. -Ideas cannot be powerful without organizational form; this new form is not within the
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POL 103 taught by Professor Kopstein during the Fall '07 term at University of Toronto.

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Lecture Notes 3.25.08 - Liberalism and its Challenges-Long...

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