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Lecture Notes 11.7.07 - then to a noun with the suffix...

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Linguistics Notes November 7, 2007 Hannah Rogal -Morpheme: The smallest unit of linguistic meaning -A Morpheme is not (always) a syllable -Inflection adds to the meaning expressed by the root -Derivational changes the meaning expressed by the root -Morphemes are added in a fixed order -Words are not only linear sequences of morphemes -The order of morphemes reflects a hierarchal structure -Ambiguity and Hierarchal structure: two possible meanings of “unlockable”: - Unlockable: not able to be locked - Unlockable: able to be unlocked -Not every affix applies directly to the root: - Affixes can attach to bases, but only if the base can stand alone as a word -“Assertiveness” is an example of a verb changing to an adjective with the suffix “-ive”
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Unformatted text preview: then to a noun with the suffix “-ness”.-“Happiness” is an example of an adjective changing to a noun by adding the suffix “-ness”.-“Deactivation” is an example of a verb (“act”) being reversed by adding a prefix “de-” and then made into a different verb by adding the suffix “-ive” and then finally to a noun by adding the suffix “-ation”.-The base of every affix has to be an independent word in the language-What an affix does in a given word has to be the same as what it does in every other word it occurs in. (“Un-” must be a verb in all cases)-...
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