HOTA_Paragraphs__1861_-_1877 - Anaconda Plan The Anaconda...

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Anaconda Plan: The Anaconda Plan is the name applied to a U.S. Union Army outline strategy for the Confederacy at the beginning of the American Civil War.It was made by the general-in-chief Winfield Scott. The plan emphasized a Union blockade of the Southern ports, and called for an advance down the Mississippi River to cut the South in two. For the plan to work they first had all ports in the seceding states blockaded. Second a strong 80,000 used the Mississippi River as a highway to go through the Confederacy. A spearhead, a relatively small amphibious force of army troops transported by boats and supported by gunboats captured the Confederate positions down the river.. They would be followed by a more traditional army, marching behind them to secure the victories. The main battle would be for the forts below New Orleans. When they fell, the river would be in Federal hands from its source to its mouth, and the rebellion would be cut in two. Emancipation Proclamation: President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared that all slaves within the rebellious states shall be free. It applied only to states that had seceded from the United States, leaving slavery untouched in the loyal border states. It also expressly exempted parts of the Confederacy (the Southern secessionist states) that had already come under Northern control. Most important, the freedom it promised depended upon Union (United States) military victory. Wade - Davis Bill: The Wade–Davis Bill of was proposed in 1864 for the Reconstruction of the South written by two Republicans. One was Senator Benjamin Wade of Ohio and the other was Representative Henry Winter Davis of Maryland. In opposition to President Abraham Lincoln 's more lenient Ten Percent Plan, the bill made re-admittance to the Union for former Confederate

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