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Using Evidence Dust Bowl Migrants Two days.docx - Dust Bowl...

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Dust BowlMigrantsUsing EvidenceObjectiveWhat were the effects of the Dust Bowl ? How did the Dust Bowlimpact and shape migrationpatterns? Who were the Dust Bowlmigrants?Contextualization - Part 1:Read the historical context provided below and closely review the map.When youare done, answer the contextualization questions on the next page.The Dust Bowlbegan as a drought, or severe lack of rain water. When thedrought struck in 1930, temperatures soared. For example, in 1930 it was108 degrees in Kansas for weeks on end. As the drought waged on, highwinds would blow the top layer of soil away, eroding the land and makingit impossible to farm. One Kansas county, which produced 3.4 millionbushels of wheat in 1931, harvested just 89,000 bushels in 1933.Regularrainfall would not return to the region until 1939.The Dust Bowlresulted in hundreds of families migrating to the southwestand West Coast. Although the Dust Bowlincluded many Great Plainsstates, the migrants were generically known as "Okies," referring to theapproximately 20 percent who were from Oklahoma. The migrants cameprimarily from Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, and Missouri. Most migrantsended up in California.California was not the promised land of the migrants' dreams. Althoughthe weather was comparatively better and farmers' fields were bountifulwith produce, Californians also felt the effects of the Depression. Local andstate infrastructures were already overburdened, and the steady stream ofnewly arriving migrants was more than the system could bear.Additionally, arrival in California did not put an end to the migrants'travels. Their lives were characterized by migration. In an attempt tomaintain a steady income, workers had to follow the harvest around thestate. When potatoes were ready to be picked, the migrants needed to bewhere the potatoes were. The same principle applied to harvesting cotton,lemons, oranges, peas, and other crops.Source for map:National Resources Conservation Service| Source for text:DigitalHistory,Library of Congress
Contextualization - Part 1 - Analysis Questions:1)How did the weather phenomenon during the Dust Bowlimpact farming?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________2)When did the Dust Bowltake place in relation to the Great Depression?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________3)Who were the “okies”? Do you think that nickname was a positive or negative name? Why or why not?_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________4)Where did most Dust Bowlmigrants end up?_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________5)According to the map, which many states were impacted by the Dust Bowl ?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Contextualization - part 2:Review the following images of Dust Bowlmigrants.Read the captions and answer theanalysis questions that follow on the back.When you are done, reflect on your image with two different partners:first reflect with a partner who had the same image as you, compare your answers to your image analysisquestionssecondly, reflect with a partner who had a different image as you, compare your answers to your imageanalysis questionsUse the questions below to shape your paired reflection.

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Term
Fall
Professor
perez
Tags
Okie

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