CH04 - Chapter 4 Health Service Professionals Learning Objectives To recognize the different types of health service professionals P124 P140 Nurses To

CH04 - Chapter 4 Health Service Professionals Learning...

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Chapter 4 Health Service Professionals
Learning Objectives To recognize the different types of health service professionals P124, P140 Nurses, To differentiate between primary and specialty care, and the causes for imbalance between the two in the U.S. Discuss maldistribution in the physician labor force To help overcome the physician imbalance and maldistribution To understand the role of non-physician providers P142 To identify Allied Health professionals and their role
Health Services Professionals The US health care industry is the largest and most powerful employer3% of the total labor force17.6% of the Gross Domestic Product in 2009Health care will continue to grow because: growth in populationaging of the population
Health Services Professionals Types of professionals: Physicians Nurses Dentists Pharmacists Optometrists Psychologists Podiatrists Chiropractors
Health Services Professionals Health professionals among most educated and diverse (See Table 4-1, page 125) Work places Hospitals Managed Care Organizations Nursing Homes Mental health facilities Insurance firms Pharmaceutical Companies Outpatient
Health Services Professionals 41.3% employed by hospitals 11.8% by nursing and personal care facilities 10.3% physician offices and clinics
Health Personnel Physicians Play a central role in evaluating the patient States require licensure Graduate from an accredited medical school Pass licensure Complete residency, paid graduate medical education 2-6 years Number of active physicians increased See Table 4-2, page 127
Health Personnel Two types of physicians MD - Doctor of Medicine Views medical treatment as active intervention to counter reaction to neutralize the effects of disease Most are Specialist DO – Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine Emphasizes the musculoskeletal system of the body such corrections of joints or tissue Most are Generalist Both use accepted methods of treatment (drugs, surgery)
Osteopathic Medicine Practiced by DO’s Stresses preventative medicine (i.e. diet, environment, other factors) Takes a holistic approach < 6% of physicians are osteopaths
Physicians: Generalists and SpecialistsPrimary Care Physicians (Primary Care Provider) / GeneralistsTrain in family medicine/general practice, general internal medicine and pediatricsProvide preventative medicine (i.e. exams, immunizations, mammographies, pap smears)Patients problems less severe and occur less frequently
Physicians: Generalists and Specialists Specialists Physicians in nonprimary care specialties Must seek certification in a medical specialization Takes more years of advanced residence training plus years of practice Six Functional Groups: 1) Internal medicine
Physicians: Generalists and Specialists Specialists General Practitioner/Family Practice accounts for greatest proportion of ambulatory care

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