essay 1 - Global History II Safford/Carroll A Tale of Two...

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Global History II Safford/Carroll A Tale of Two Regions Globalization, in many of its aspects, has led to extremely profound consequences. It has revolutionized the way politics, financing, and industries operate. Though some may argue that this international integration is essentially westernization of the world, globalization has also increased awareness of other cultures, particularly the reviewing of previously unchallenged Eurocentric assumptions. Why did European economic growth and development surpass that of their predecessors in Asia and the Middle East? What caused the quicker progression of European technological, political, and economic prowess as compared to its neighbors? Jones and Pomeranz both attempt to answer these questions in their respective books, The European Miracle and The Great Divergence . In The European Miracle , Jones argues that “conditions promoting economic development in Europe formed long ago” (Jones, Introduction). He divides these conditions into seven categories: the physical environment, climate, locational advantages, cultural environment, the governmental style of European nation-states, market economy, and the Discoveries [of the Americas and other overseas resources]. Because Jones intrinsically links the politics of nation- states to the market economy and the Discoveries, this is what I will focus on in the analytical comparison with Pomeranz. Why was Europe, surrounded by several of the oldest empires in the world, composed of nation-states? Jones argues that though it could easily have evolved into a theocratic state or an empire, the political climate in Europe after the fall of Rome—splintered into many parties and
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allegiances—obstructed that possibility. Instead, several aristocratic families stepped up to rule separate regions, forming the nuclei for the eventual system of nation-states. Because there were so many of these smaller seats of power, Europe became “a single system of states in which change in one cell affected the others”, a division which was aided by the surrounding geography and natural barriers that helped form the separate states (Jones 104).
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