The Enlightenment - THE ENLIGHTENMENT the Enlightenment...

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THE ENLIGHTENMENT the Enlightenment enlightening one’s minds/awakening one’s souls John Locke Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690) shift from medievalism Salem witchcraft trials Age of Criticism “Dare to Know”/Have the Courage to Know education and science Isaac Newton Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (1687) natural laws philosophes Encyclopedie attack upon organized religion alternative intellectual elite elitism of philosophes the American Enlightenment – the European Enlightenment was entirely critical.  The Europeans had to destroy the Catholic Church, and got rid of things that  stopped the new from coming in. It was a mainly negative movement. The  Americans had already done all of that by moving to a New World – with Locke’s 
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Tabula Rasa . They couldn’t get rid of something that didn’t exist (no well- established church). The American Enlightenment was very practical. They tried  to be practical in religion, science and politics.  limitations of European model Deism – do not believe in an organized religion but do believe in God. rational Christianity/Old Lights – New Lights (style was new and emotional, but  the religion was old) and the Old Lights (style was old and unemotional, rational  but the religion was new, telling people to look at Christianity through our minds).  The Old Lights tried to prove Christianity through feats of the mind. The Old  Lights were a predecessor to Unitarianism. They completely opposed Jonathan  Edwards, Whitfield, and the concept of the revivals. They believed that the new 
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course AMS 355 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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The Enlightenment - THE ENLIGHTENMENT the Enlightenment...

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