Aristotle Class Notes

Thatinvolvereason 1098a14emphasisadded

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Unformatted text preview: 
etc
 Aristotle
believes
that
ultimately
everything
ends
in
one
ultimate
terminus
1094a20)
 However
in
a
way
he
admits
that
there
are
different
things
we
value
intrinsically,
due
to
the
 fact
that
the
highest
good
is
admitted
to
be
complex,
multifaceted
–
but
everything
is
 wrapped
up
in
this
idea
of
the
highest
good


 everything
we
do
ultimately
aims
at
the
highest
good
 Thus
all
chains
would
end
in

the
highest
good
 
 Aristotle
believes
something
roughly
along
the
lines
of
***
the
highest
good
is
happiness
 This
is
not
exact
due
to
the
issues
of
translation
 The
original
word
is
:
eudaimonia
 He
does
not
mean
pleasure
or
enjoyment
–
does
not
mean
havinxg
a
food
“affect”

 When
we
use
the
word
happy
we
mean
some
sort
of
state
of
positive
feeling.
This
is
not
 what
he
means,
we
use
happiness
as
a
placeholder.
eudaimonia
is
not
primarily
a
mood
 state,
or
a
feeling,
which
is
why
happiness
is
misleading.
(it’s
a
rather
multifaceted
word)

 You
could
be
leaving
a
happy
life
all
the
time,
but
not
leading
a
life
a
Aristotelian
 eudiamonia


 (we
should
look
at
the
etymology
–
something
about
good
spirit)
 
 A.2.
 Aristotle
is
convinced
that
happiness
is
the
highest
good
because
it
possess
two
values
that
 the
highest
good
has
 ‐ an
end
or
good
is
complete
if
it
is
valued
and
pursued
only
for
its
own
sake
(1097a25‐ 1097b6)
 ‐ an
end
or
good
is
self­sufficient
if
“all
by
itself
it
makes
a
life
choice
worthy
and
lacking
 nothing”
(1097b15)
 so
Aristotle
argues
that
happiness
possess
these
two
features,
and
it
is
the
only
thing
that
 possess
these
features
–
thus
it
makes
sense
to
identify
happiness
as
the
highest
good
 
 MISSED
CONFERENCE
Friday,
11,
2009
 MISSED
LECTURE
(Jill’s
notes):
 Monday,
14,
2009
 Book1
–
ch.7
 F
=
any
type
of
thing,
in
this
case
F
=
human
 The
good
for
an
F:
 excellence
in
performing
the
characteristic
activity
(or
function)
of
Fs.
 depends
on
what
the
function
of
the
F
is
 The
function
of
an
F:
 the
characteristic
activity
of
Fs
 the
distinctive
nature
or
essence
of
Fs
 T/f
in
order
to
find
what
human
happiness
is,
we
must
find
the
characteristic
activity
of
 humans
 The
human
function:
 “we
take
the
human
function
to
be
a
certain
kind
of
life,
and
take
this
li...
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