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Who was primarily responsible for the Cold War?The Soviet Union or the United States?Over the past decade’s historians have disagreed over the question. Through this assignment, youwill closely examine some Cold War documents to answer the question for yourself. Background:During WWII, the United States and the Soviet Union were allies. After WWII, Europewas in ruins, and former colonial empires were crumbling. This set the scene for increasedcompetition between the two superpowers, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. The Soviet Red Army remainedin Eastern Europe after the war, which led to the Soviet Bloc. At the same time, the United Statesdeveloped policies of containment – in particular, the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan.TASK 1: Review the TimelineTimeline of the Early Cold War EventsReview1945: February 4-11 - Yalta Conference (clickfor a review if needed)1945: August 6 - the United States first used the atomic bomb in war 1945: August 8 - Russia enters war against Japan 1945: August 14 - Japanese surrenders, ending World War II 1946: March - Winston Churchill delivers "Iron Curtain" speech (clickto listen to the speech)1947: March - Truman announces Truman Doctrine (clickto review the policy)1947: June - Marshall Plan is announced (clickto learn the policy)1948: February - Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia 1948: June 24 - Berlin blockade begins (clickto learn about the event)1949: July - NATO treaty ratified (clickto learn about the alliance)1949: May 12 - Berlin Blockade ends 1949: September - Mao Zedong, a communist, takes control of China 1949: September - Soviets explode first atomic bomb 1955: May – Warsaw Pact (clickto learn about the alliance)WHAT DO YOU KNOW/REMEMBER ABOUT THE EVENTS THAT ARE HIGHLIGHTED?I remember that Churchill stressed the need to lay down the menace on the soviet communist. I also remember that Truman announced that the U.S would assist all democratic nations that are in threat. I also remember that The Marshall Plan provided helpand aid to those in Western Europe needing help after WWII. I remember that the Berlin blockade was an attempt by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of the U.S,Britain, and France to travel to their sector in Berlin. I remember that NATO was created in 1949 to provide security against Soviet Union threats. The Warsaw pact was when the Soviet Union signed a pact because they felt NATO wasa direct threat, and they
wanted to gain further control of Central and Eastern Europe.Iron CurtainMarshall PlanWarsaw PactTASK 2: Review the Documents & Annotate for Historical Q AnswerDocument A: The Iron Curtain Speech (Modified) Source: Excerpt from the “Iron Curtain Speech” delivered by Winston Churchill, March 5 1946 in Fulton, MissouriDiscuss: