psych review - INTROSPECTIONISM study of conscious...

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INTROSPECTIONISM study of conscious experiences very disciplined, trained and systematic limited research tool because some thoughts are unconscious no way to test, compare or conclude findings BEHAVIORISM able to observe actions/behaviors and objectively record them able to manipulate external stimuli and observe behavior stages of behaviorism 1. reflex arc reductionism (Watson) -brain is very complicated, reflex arc theory is wrong 2. S-R Behaviorism (Hull-Spence) -stimulus causes chain of reactions to reach response 3. radical behaviorism (Skinner) -all organismic action is determined and not free -schedules of reinforcement COGNITIVISM Gestalt psychology -role of structure and organization -perceptual whole is often different from the sum of its parts -perception of the visual world is organized in ways that the stimulus is not compared the brain to a computer, used terms like "buffers" and "central processors" cognitivism is the hypothesis that thought is fundamentally computational
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PSYCH 031 taught by Professor Vecera during the Spring '08 term at University of Iowa.

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psych review - INTROSPECTIONISM study of conscious...

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