08 Jus ad Bellum PowerPoint - Just War Theory Jus ad Bellum...

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Just War Theory Jus ad Bellum: The Right to Go to War
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Learning Goals Learn the components of Jus ad Bellum portion of Just War Theory, including: Just cause Proper authority Right intention Reasonable chance of success Ends proportional to means used Last resort See how, even after we learn the criteria, still much to be debated!
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Streams of Just War Theory Jus ad Bellum: right to go to war Jus in Bello: right conduct in war Jus post Bellum: right post-war action (rather newer, especially highlighted by post-invasion Iraq difficulties)
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Jus ad Bellum When is it right to go to war? Long tradition in the West, “Just War Theory” developed by philosophers, lawyers, and theologians. The idea of war was something Christianity needed to deal with because of the emphases in Christianity on peace, love, and forgiveness. Commandment: “Thou shall not kill.” How could war then be justified? Some Christians think it cannot and are pacifists, like the Society of Friends (the Quakers).
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Christian Scripture and War Dealing with what Christian scriptures say about war, it would seem that war is not permissible. It is unjust . Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274, Summa Theologica) Objection 1: It would seem that it is always sinful to wage war. Because punishment is not inflicted except for sin. Now those who wage war are threatened by Our Lord with punishment, according to Mat. 26:52: " All that take the sword shall perish with the sword ." Therefore all wars are unlawful. Objection 2: Further, whatever is contrary to a Divine precept is a sin. But war is contrary to a Divine precept, for it is written Mat. 5:39): " But I say to you not to resist evil “ . . . Therefore war is always sinful. Objection 3: Further, nothing, except sin, is contrary to an act of virtue. But war is contrary to peace . Therefore war is always a sin.
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But, thinkers like Augustine (354-430AD) and Aquinas found that despite the literal teaching of scriptures, war could still be just if it met certain conditions. Augustine recognized that violence was inevitable in this earthly city (in contrast to the City of God ). War could also serve moral purposes. There could be just
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08 Jus ad Bellum PowerPoint - Just War Theory Jus ad Bellum...

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