14 15 Battle of Algiers

14 15 Battle of Algiers - The Battle of Algiers Terrorism...

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The Battle of Algiers Terrorism and War
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Learning Goals This class is a continuation of two sets of classes: one is the set of classes on just war (ad bellum and in bello) as well as the last two classes on terrorism. Watch Battle of Algiers to think about justice in revolutionary war, what tactics are morally permissible to secure national independence.
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Background: Algeria’s War of Independence Algerian war of independence lasted from 1954-1962, when the Algerians were finally successful in securing their independence from France. Algeria, unlike many colonies that Europeans claimed around the world, just across the Mediterranean from France, treated as part of territorial France, not a separate colony. Also, unlike, say, Vietnam, thousands of miles away, there were one million people of French origin in Algeria (referred to as the pieds noirs , black feet), so there was a big constituency to try to hang on to the colony.
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Algerian War of Independence, cont. Extremists among the colonialists would play an important role in the Algerians’ independence struggle, setting off bombs and establishing a secret military unit to carry out disappearances and assassinations of people supposed to be independence agitators. They would even try to overthrow the government of France itself when President DeGaulle appeared as if he was going to give in to the Algerians’ demands for independence.
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Battle of Algiers Film takes place between 1956 and 1957, Battle of Algiers within the Algerian War of Independence. Algerian independence struggle primarily fought in the rural areas and the mountains. During this brief period (‘56-’57), the battle was taken to the city. French hoped to wipe out the insurgency once and for all by removing the leadership, separating the people from leadership. Algerians hoped to use their dramatic tactics to awaken the Algerian population to the revolutionary cause. Seen as rather apathetic and uninvolved at the beginning, outside an educated, Westernized core.
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Battle of Algiers In the city, the war wasn’t fought by two opposing armies in uniforms across clear lines. Instead, the war was fought through assassinations and bombings, interrogation, checkpoints, disappearances, and executions. The film was made by an Italian director,
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14 15 Battle of Algiers - The Battle of Algiers Terrorism...

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