Samuel Becket and Charlie Chaplin are without pretence; they are not pretentious. This is not true of Eliot or Woolf. Was it to be laughter or tears?... It came to the same thing in the endBelacqua Shuan, in More Kicks than Pricks (1934) Choosing the old or the poor allow Becket and Chaplin to go beyond prose. They speak to as close to a universal language as possible for art to get. Chaplin doesn't even use words, and yet he was one of the most famous people in the world because of the number of people that could relate to his art. Waiting for Godot is a tragic comedy- a formula that has been around since the elizabethan times. "all tragedies are finish'd by a death, All comedies are ended by a marriage" - Byron, Don Juan, canto 3Waiting for Godot does not end with either of these things. This is what makes it a tragic comedy- it just ends. It is a mixture of the two. another feature of tragic comedy is that it breaks the convention that upper class characters are for tragedy, and lower class characters are for comedy. This is because the higher someone is the harder the fall- so it evokes pity in the audience. Tragic comedy mixes both high and low characters, and high and low plots. To an educated audience, the shock of "Waiting for Godot" was that it threw regular conventions into the watcher's faces. "tragedy is an imitating not of men but of a life, an action... Thus the structure of events, the plot, is the goal of tragedy, and the goal is the greatest thing of all" -Aristotle, Poetics, Pt. 10 Every action in a play should occur not just after, but because. Events in a drama can be impossible, but they have to be probable within the dramatic world. Unity of place- Aristotle said that it was hard to represent many kinds of the action on the stage all at once. Therefore the action of a drama has to be limited to a single placeunity of time- tragedy tries to exist in a single daylight period. It should represent the time it takes to perform it.