Act of Supremacy: After the Pope responded to King Henry’s annulling of his marriage by the English Court granting (Cromwell suggested crown over pope as head of church) and annulled his annulment and excommunicated him. King Henry responded with this which appointed the king and his successors “the only Supreme Head on earth of the Church of England… this included full power and authority. It was a constitutional break from papal authority, not an introduction of Protestantism. Act of Uniformity: By this Act Elizabeth I made it a legal obligation to go to church every Sunday. The Act of Uniformity reinforced the Book of Common Prayer. Anne Askew: Anne Askew was an English poet and Protestant who was condemned as a heretic. She is the only woman on record known to have been both tortured in the Tower of London and burnt at the stake. She sued for divorce and left her Roman Catholic husband, thereby defying the standard of patriarchy as well as rejecting Catholic doctrine. She was an evangelical martyr; who embraced faith reading the vernacular bible. Anne Boleyn. One of Henry’s wives who was an advocate for evangelical views, she herself promoted Protestant bishops. She was a patron of evangelical clergy, refugees, and booksellers as well as her enthusiasm for French and English Bibles. She was beheaded on terms of adultery. Mother of Elizabeth. Anne of Cleves: After Jane Seymour mother of Edward died in childbirth; Next in line after Cromwell’s prompting of a political alliance with the duchy of Cleves, Henry saw a portrait of Anne and agreed to marry her. Upon her arrival, Henry did not like her looks and was just as mad at Cromwell. Henry divorced her. Cardinal Pole: Mary of Tudor had reliance upon her cousin and his efforts to introduce the Counter-Reformation caused Mary to become more unpopular. He was Mary of Tudor’s partner in crime. He was the last Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury. Cardinal Ximénez: Spanish Franciscan cardinal and chancellor of Castile; he provided programs for disciplined renewal of the clergy. He wanted reform before there was a Reformation. . Known for his prophecies of civic glory and calls for Christian renewal, he denounced clerical corruption, despotic rule and the exploitation of the poor. Catherine Howard: Wife #6 for Henry VIII who lacked discretion of the court and her adultery had her beheaded in 1542 on the charge of treason. Catherine of Aragon: married to Henry’s brother 1 st for a Spanish alliance. When Arthur (brother) died in order not to lose the new connection Henry’s Father (VII) proposed Henry VIII marry Catherine. Since Leviticus 18:6-18 prohibited marriages within close relationships, Pope Julius II issued special papal dispensation for marriage. This was his first wife.