1-12 - 1. Oedipus a. Idea of ironic Oedipus reacting to...

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1. Oedipus a. Idea of ironic Oedipus reacting to murder of Laios but it was him i. 3 rd person omniscient ii. idea of divine and human knowledge 1. empirical knowledge- factual 2. divine knowledge- not for certain but divine have said b. hubris- any kind of excessive use of violence/force that violates someone’s social standing c. hamartia- fatal flaw d. chorus- represent people e. Oedipus addresses people as though he is in worse situation than people of city i. Has a responsibility to people stress f. THREATENED BY Kreon i. Kreon doesn’t want to be king has power but not stress ii. Doesn’t have to worry about people’s opinion g. Complicated responsibility of power need to please people AND gods 2. Agamemnon a. Agamemnon turned between satisfying wants of 1 god or another i. Zeus’ demand sacrifice daughter b. Tragedy provokes in spectators both pity and fear (looking down on them because in higher position) i. Aristotle says pity and fear lead to catharsis purging of emotions/intellectual clarification c. Zeus’ eagles i. Images that eagles of Zeus tore apart a hare with unborn bunnies ii. Artemis: goddess who protects unborn 1. by killing daughter, going against Artemis because Zeus wants it 2. she stops the winds d. ask Apollo to bring winds e. saying only solution is Zeus f. justifying ways of gods to man i. suffering but there is one reason for their suffering ii. is it possible to find meaning in horror? (chorus trying to find this out) g. moral dilemma: lose daughter or lose war i. thinks gods will get mad if doesn’t sacrifice daughter 1. saying hopes everything is well yet h. yoke of necessity saying it is the right thing to do to sacrifice daughter but comes with whole slew of responsibilities i. when Agamemnon comes back walks on red carpet (symbolic of bloodshed) j. cycle: deed is done must pay for it harm harmed in return has continual demand for vengeance k. chorus tells Clytemnestra she will pay i. she says her and Aegsthus will bring order on house l. people didn’t agree with this war i. happy won but didn’t want it to begin with m. 2 types of gods: i. Olympian gods powerful (sky gods) ex: Zeus, Athena, Hera ii. Chthonian gods gods of the earth (Hades, Persephone, Demeter)
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n. i. Are about family ii. Power not only one way 1. power is burden on king 2. saying Agamemnon went to war because of one woman mad a. Clytaemestra says not to blame it on Helen iii. Women instrumental in both plays 1. women represent forceful and down falling forces 2. Clytemnestra chorus doesn’t believe her dream that Greece won 3. ambivalent in interpretation of divine o. i. Taking responsibility for fate 1. blames Apollo: a. “hand that struck himself was his own” –Oedipus b. “Apollo led me here and now it’s my fate”-Cassandra 2. Cassandra feels she can’t change things 3. Kreon says Oedipus is slave to people a. Like Orestes telling Zeus to help because they have sacrificed to him
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1-12 - 1. Oedipus a. Idea of ironic Oedipus reacting to...

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