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Comparative Religion Grid1. The BasicsCategory or QuestionCatholicismEastern OrthodoxProtestantFounder or foundersJesus ChristJesus ChristMartin LutherDescription of God Catholicism describes that god is made up of 3 individuals: God the Holy Spirit, God the Father, and God the Son.Christians in Eastern Orthodox tradition have faith in an only God who is both one and three: the Son, the Holy Spirit, and the Father.Three men (God the Father, God the Son, and the Holy Spirit) affirm in Christ.Message of the religion in one sentenceThe belief in the trinity, the divine nature of Jesus, and the authority of the Bible. God releveled himself in Jesus Christ through the belief of Christ incarnation, crucifixion, and resurrection.An emphasis on the individual’s own ability to establish a personal relationship with God.Number of world followersApproximately 1.2 billionApproximately 260 millionApproximately 800 millionGeographic distributionLatin American/Caribbean regionEastern and Central Europe regionRegions of the Atlantic coast such as Africa, Asia, Oceania, and South America.
One image that captures the essence of the religion(John Ankerberg Show, 2013)(Molloy, 2020)(Molloy, 2020)2. History and DevelopmentCategory or QuestionCatholicismEastern orthodoxProtestantWhere and when didit originate?30 CE in the domain of Judea of the Roman Empire1st century Holy Land, Roman Empire16thcentury in northern EuropeIdentify any schismsor splits.“A split divided the European Christian church into two major branches: the Western Roman CatholicChurch and the Eastern Orthodox Church. This split is known as the Great Schism, or the East-West Schism or the Schism of 1054” (National Geographic, 2020).The East–West Schism (also the Great Schism or Schism of 1054) a division between Roman Catholic Church and theEastern Orthodox Church. The split cameabout due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts (National Geographic, 2020).The Protestant Reformation, often referred to simply as the Reformation, was a schism from the Roman Catholic Church initiated by Martin Luther and continued by otherearly Protestant reformers in Europe in the 16th century (Molloy, 2020).
Identify two key historical figures.Mother TeresaArchbiship Fulton J. SheenMichael CerulariusJohn of DamascusMartin Luther John CalvinIdentify two key historical events.Sack of Constantinople via the 4th Crusade-April 13, 12044th Ecumenical Lateran Council inaugurated via Pope Innocent III – November 11, 1215Orthodoxy underneath the Ottomans (1453-1821) – The Christian GhettoThe Soviet Period and Russian RevolutionEra of Cromwell (1949-60) - Evolvedas lord protector of EnglandDiet of Worms (May 1521) – Luther seems at the Diet prior to Charles V, King of Holy Roman Empire, to respond to heresy’s chargesDescribe historical relations with the two other religions.