November 11 - Overview of Group Psychology and the Analysis...

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November 11, 2013 Overview of Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego - Published by Freud in 1929 - Dual-instinct theory o Not Eros and instinct, but Eros and death o Not everything is driven by pleasure - Eros is binding of people together, life producing life, the force of construction - Opposite force, a dark force: built-in death drive, that manifests itself in aggression - This book was his main work in social psychology - He notices from the literature People act differently when they are in crowds the psychology of the crowd o People in crowds tend to act amorally a crowd is not usually motivated by a moral action, by intellect but by passion o The mood of crowds change very quickly o Crowds can be moved by speakers who appeal to the passions, who appeals to the emotions o People in crowds are highly suggestible you can get someone in a crowd to do something that they would never do alone or in a small group (Freud found this very interesting) Chapter 4: suggestion and libido o What holds groups together/coheres them? (Durkheim said social solidarity) o Freud says love Eros o The suggestibility is the suggestibility through love 2 groups that are not crowds (that are more structured and have more definition and that we find everywhere) – artificial groups: o 1. Church o 2. Army o What distinguishes these groups from crowds? They have a leadership The leadership is very important, because the discipline of the army, and the discipline of the church are all dependent on the leadership Every member of the army or of the church care about each of the other members respectively

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