100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 15 out of 38 pages.
The Philippine Government
DIFFERENT BRANCHES OF THE PHILIPPINEGOVERNMENTThe structure of the Philippine governmentis divided into three branches:•the Legislative Department (Article 6);•the Executive Department (Article 7);and•the Judicial Department (Article 8).
Section 1.Thelegislative powershall bevested in the Congress of the Philippineswhich shall consist of a Senate and aHouse of Representatives, except to theextent reserved to the people by theprovision on initiatives and referendum.Article VILegislative Department
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
•Legislative powerisessentially the authorityunder the Constitution tomake laws andsubsequently, when theneed arises, to alter andrepeal them.
•The termlaws,refers tostatutes which are writtenenactments of thelegislature governing therelations of the peopleamong themselves orbetween them and thegovernment and it’sMeaning of “law”
Formal Parts of“Law”1.Title2.Preamble3.Enacting Clause4.Body5.Effectivity Clause
Steps in Passage of a Bill1.First Reading2.Referral to appropriatecommittee3.Second Reading4.Debates5.Printing and Distribution6.Third Reading7.Referral to the other House8.Submission to joint bicameralcommittee
The powers of Congress maybe classified into:1. General legislative power2. Specific power3. Implied power4. Inherent powerClassification of powers ofCongress
•It is the power to enact lawsintended as rules of conduct togovern the relations amongindividuals or between theindividuals and the State.Congress can enact any lawsas long as it is not contrary tothe Constitution. Unlessotherwise decreed by acompetent court, a law isa. General LegislativePower
•They are powers which the Constitutionexpressly directs or authorizes Congressto exercise like the power to choose whoshall become President in case two ormore candidates have an equal andhighest number of votes (Art. VII, Sec. 4,par.4 .), to confirm certain appointmentsby the President (Ibid., Sec. 16.), topromote social justice (Art. XIII, Sec. 1.),to declare the existence of a state of war(Sec. 23.), to impose taxes (Sec. 28.), to appropriate money (Art.29 .),to impeach (Art. XI, Sec. 2. ), to act as ab. Specific powers