Studyguide_2 Gen ed - Hoplites Who heavily armed...

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Hoplites Who: heavily armed infantrymen who wore bronze or leather helmets, breastplates, & greaves (shin guards), each carried a round shield, short sword, & 9ft. long spear What: advanced into battle as a unit forming the phalanx (rectangular formation); if kept formation: didn’t break unit, weren’t outflanked; either secured victory or suffered no harm When: End of 8 th century B.C.E. Where: Greece Significance: Political side: -requires great organization, training, & more men (rich & poor) -needed to enlarge size of armies, phalanx was developed – militaries must become state run to purchase armor & weaponry men of property & small farmers make up phalanx; each Growing sense of gallartainism - leads to Democracy Delian League Who: Greeks, Spartans, Athenians; League was under Athenian leadership What: Form a defensive alliance of all Greek city states against the Persians When: Winter after 477 B.C.E. Where: Athens, Headquarters on Island of Delos Significance: All city states required to contribute $, Delos Island held the $ & was the headquarters, worked together pursued attack on Persian Empire; Athens=head of the League; Greek states were liberated from Persian Empire – some of the members of league wanted to withdraw but were forced to remain in the league to pay tribute; Athens created an empire by moving Pericles Who: Athens Aristocrat (head) What: dominant figure in Athenian politice for more than 30 years When: 2 nd Seige of Persian Wars; “Age of Pericles” Where: Athens Significance: Makes government a paid position to eliminate wealth factor, and provide possibility for expansion of government; gave voice to the ideals of democracy & importance of the individual; Height of Athenian power & culmination of its brilliance as a civilization; Athens became leading center of Greek culture under his power, used Delian League treasury $ for a massive rebuilding program in Athens; this leads to the Peloponnesian War The Republic Who: Plato, famous student of Socrates, his voice was Socratic Method, writes this dialogue What: Contained Plato’s ideas of government, based on his experience in Athens When: 5 th century BCE Where: Significance: Plato distrusted democracy & searched for the just state which led him to construct an ideal state – population was divided into 3 groups: Top = upper class, ruling elite, philosopher -kings; 2 nd Group = those w/ Courage , warriors who protected society; 3 rd Group = masses- people not driven by courage or wisdom but by desire, the producers of society – artisans, tradespeople, farmers - Believed all men & women have same education & equal access to all positions
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- most important political treatus written in western civilization, serves as center stone for western civilization adoption Philip V Who: What: Ally to Antiochus who was the Salurrsive King ( present-day Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan)
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course GEN ED 110 taught by Professor Hines during the Spring '08 term at Washington State University .

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Studyguide_2 Gen ed - Hoplites Who heavily armed...

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