Chapter 19 - Chapter 19 Who 1. John Roebling- built the...

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Who 1. John Roebling - built the bridge that connects Brooklyn and Manhattan over the East River. Building began in 1869 and he did not live to see the bridge completed. 2. Henry Cabot Lodge - senator of Massachusetts formed an unlikely alliance with organized labor to press for immigration restriction. Lodge and his old stock followers championed a literacy test, knowing that the vast majority was unable to read. 3. Grover Cleveland - president at the time of the Lodge literacy test, vetoed the bill after Congress passed it. Later achieved in the 1920’s. 4. Jacob Riis - photojournalist who wrote the best selling book How the Other Half Lives , documenting the poverty, crowding, dirt, and disease that New York’s’ immigrant poor lived in. 5. The Vanderbilts - a family that was one of the richest in this time period. Cornelius was a ferryman that built the New York Central Railroad. He left his sons ninety million dollars who then doubled that money. Alva was involved in New York’s high society and threw multimillion-dollar parties. 6. Rutherford B. Hayes - president when the railroad strike erupted. Militia killed twenty strikers thus causes Hayes to call for reinforcements, the army, who had arrived too late to do much of anything. 7. Terence V. Powderly - grandmaster of the Knights of Labor, who became the dominant force in labor during the 1880’s. He advocated a kind of workers’ democracy that embraced reforms including public ownership of the railroads, an income tax, equal pay for women, and abolition of child labor. 8. Samuel Gompers - a cigar maker born in London of Dutch Jewish ancestry. He promoted what he called “pure and simple” unionism. Gompers founded the Organized Trades and Labor Unionism 1881 and reorganized it in 1886 into the AFL. 9. Albert Parsons - an anarchist that led a group of radicals, a descendent of Mayflower . Failing to accomplish his goal in the rally of May 1 st . 10. August Spies - A German immigrant, also led the radicals alongside Parsons in 1886. The rally was a failure due to only a few thousand joining in. 11. John “Blackjack” Bonifield - police captain, made his reputation on cracking skulls, marched a group of police into the crowd of Haymarket Square, which was now no larger than two or three hundred people and ordered them to disperse. A bomb was thrown into the group of police killing seven and critically injuring sixty and forty civilians. 12.
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HISTORY 2020 taught by Professor Fraizer during the Spring '08 term at Columbia State Community College.

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Chapter 19 - Chapter 19 Who 1. John Roebling- built the...

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