History- The Colonial Era

History- The Colonial Era - The Colonial Era I. Background...

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The Colonial Era I. Background of Euro. Expansion A. Rise of Nation States i. More authority ii. Centralized power iii. Expansion =  more resources = more wealth 1. Why expand? = power in everyway, more territory is more powerful iv. Most important elements leading to the rise in European powers B. Technological innovations i. How do they spur the growth?  Every aspect mean growth, warfare,  shipbuilding, more resources = more advances = more of the greater  things you want to do = more advances ii. Printing press 1440 Gutenberg, Increase knowledge and literacy.  Education is being dispersed iii. Rivalries C. Economic Concerns i. Race to expand ii. Tax-     iii. Gold-      Commands national wealth iv. Lumber-      Not enough timer at home, means more powerful merchant fleet,  you can continue to expand and keep up with your rivals v. Spices-      Preservatives, things taste better vi. The want  to sell products. MARKET DRIVEN ECONOMY vii. Rivalries D. Religious Concerns i. Spreading faith, promote your best interest; your faith must be right for  everyone! ii. Persecution  iii. Protestant reformation weakens Catholic faith; Martin Luther leads the  ending of Catholic hold. iv. Growth of many different faiths, Nation States give support v. Anglican faith supported in England vi. Rivalries II. Settling the New World A. Spain
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i. Most successful: Conquistadores: Coronado, Columbus,  ii. Most unity to promote over seas expansion iii. GOLD, GOD, GLORY iv. Attack the most powerful civilizations, wanted to extract things from new  world. v. New World Empire, very early and very successful early on. vi. Exploitation and Extraction  vii. Easy to take and hard to hold on to, they will quickly loose their grip, they  did not pursue any market style economy. They were after the short term,  not establishing colonies. viii. External Threats by other countries B. France i. First attempts to colonize in Canada, St. Lawrence River, Quebec,  Mississippi River. ii. Fur Trade iii. Can afford luxuries b/c of the good economy. iv. Not interested in creating long term cities, just trading out posts, wanted to  trade with natives.  C. Great Britain i. Some trade, but not as much as French ii. Naval Power = Access to all areas iii. Competition for power iv. Needs to expand, over populated, Med. getting better, higher standard of  living, living longer, Industrialization is beginning, if no demand no job,  very unsteady start. Unemployment, poverty, crime, deterioration of city,  economic dislocation, resources are getting scarce. v.
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 106 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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History- The Colonial Era - The Colonial Era I. Background...

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