Ngo Dinh Diem:
conservative, Catholic leader of South Vietnam after the government of
Bao Dai fails.
The US supported his leadership because he builds a nationalist, anti-
communist movement and Diem accepts this but he will not let them control him as a puppet
leader. He refuses to hold unification elections, and rigs, with the help of America, his own
elections. He is a very harsh leader so America pulls its support in November 1963.
Dien Bien Phu-
Valley in the NW mountains of North Vietnam and was a strategic area in
gaining control of Laos.
The French hoped that if they could capture this area, they could cut
off guerilla routes for supplies and troops and take control of the North.
proved to be too much for the French troops to handle, especially when the Vietminh cut off
supply routes to the French, so in 1954 the French were forced to give up control.
Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty
Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs
Equality and mutual benefit
Aggressive offensive at the start of 1968, aimed at taking advantage of the
public opposition against the war. This was an attempt to undermine Saigon and show the
weaknesses in the American war effort. While American troops killed a ton of NVA and VC,
the offensive was ultimately a loss for the Americans, and led to them scaling back troop
deployment and beginning the process of transitioning power to SVA.
Tonkin Incident and Resolution:
LBJ was given the ability to wage war by the Congress,
without actually declaring war as a result of minor attacks on Naval ships bordering Vietnam,
which may never have occurred. This allowed America to go all out with bombings and men
on the ground.
President of Guatemala from 1951 to 1954, when he was ousted my a
military coup backed by the CIA. Arbenz had promised to shed the dependence on the U.S.
Continued Arevalo’s reformist agenda, and he was also supportive of communist forces in
the country, which the CIA opposed. The United Fruit Company had their interests
threatened under Arbenz’s land reform, and ultimately Arbenz was forced to flee.
ISI (Import Substitution Industrialization) -
policy of Latin American countries to change
their economies from a strictly import market by increasing the manufacturing industry and
the production of goods.
By the end of the 1940’s, this resulted in creation of urban mass
migration, urbanization, and diversification of Latin American economies. This benefited
factory workers, but hurt farmers, and ultimately failed in many Latin American countries.
A movement in China during the 1960s that was an attempt by Mao
Zedong to regain power in the Chinese Communist Party, which he would attain by reviving
the revolutionary attitudes of the people.
This was to be a complete purging of traditional
elements of Chinese history and culture which was carried throughout the country by Mao’s