Gilman Notes

Gilman Notes - Charlotte Perkins Gilman Introduction...

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Charlotte Perkins Gilman Introduction Gilman’s Life o Born on July 3, 1860, in Hartford, CT; father related to famous Beechers  (including Harriet Beecher Stowe) o Father left shortly after her birth, raised by her mother in poverty, moved around  with her mother to Providence, Rhode Island o Studied art briefly at Rhode Island School of Design o At 24, married local artist Charles Walter Stetson o Daughter Katherine born one year later o Marriage and motherhood left her severely depressed o Husband sent her to neurologist S. Weir Mitchell Prescribed extended bed rest, near total inactivity and isolation Goal was to get women to accept role as housewife or mother Gilman nearly went mad, rejects Weir’s treatment o Moved to Pasadena, CA with Katherine, eventually divorced her husband o Husband married her best friend, eventually sent Katherine to live with them o Condemned as being an “unnatural mother” o Spent the rest of her life writing and lecturing as part of the women’s movement o Married again in 1900 to first cousin, George Houghton Gilman, lived happily until  his death in 1934 o Developed inoperable cancer in 1932; committed suicide in 1935 o Known in her lifetime primarily for non-fiction (e.g. Women and Economics) (sociological and economic writing) o Her fiction’s value wasn’t recognized widely until the 1970’s
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o Herland serialized in 1915 not published separately until 1978 Herland’s Fictional Form o Purposes Critique –a way to criticize society Alternative –different ways of thinking about society o Science Fiction Parthenogenesis-the ability for a female to reproduce without the male,  lower plants and invertebrates, reproduction by unfertilized female egg Explains presence of all male society The Men o Terry Description –womanizer, wealthy, traditional masculinity, explorer Vision of Herland –amazony paradise Terry “had visions of a sort of sublimated summer resort—just  Girls and Girls and Girls—and that he was going to be well, Terry 
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLS 106 taught by Professor Morrell during the Fall '07 term at UConn.

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Gilman Notes - Charlotte Perkins Gilman Introduction...

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