Plato Notes

Plato Notes - Introduction: Socrates and Plato in Ancient...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
 Introduction: Socrates and Plato in Ancient Athens Ancient Greece o “Ancient Greece”?-not a country o Greeks and Barbarians-anyone who is not Greek o The polis (city or city state) Athens in the 6 th  century BCE o Begins as hereditary monarchy with land owning aristocracy o Reforms of Solon (594 BCE) First try at democracy Fails because of imbalance of power/clan rivalries o Tyrants followed-last was the dictator Hippias, banished with Cleisthenes, help  from Spartan army (510 BCE) o Democratic institutions established under Cleisthenes (508-501 BCE) Golden Era of Athens: 5 th  century BCE o A century of wars Persian Wars (circa 500-448 BCE) Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) (with Sparta, Athens loses) o A century of democracy formed, lost and found again Athenian democracy established (501 BCE) by Cleisthenes Delian League (477 BCE)-confederation of city-states with Athens at its  head (military alliance) Each state had one vote, Athens threatened them into joining
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Pericles and Empire (461 BCE)- Pericles is the leader, more democratic  form The coup of 411-rule of the 400 (oligarchy), actually collaborate with  Sparta The “Thirty Tyrants” (404-403 BCE)- Athens surrenders to Sparta in 404,  Plato’s uncle is the leader of the Thirty Tyrants Restoration (402 BCE) (of democracy) ***During the 5 th  century-wars as backdrop and against that backdrop, tensions between empire  vs democracy and tyranny/oligarchy vs democracy Athenian Society o Three tiers Citizens-born a citizen (parents were citizens, male, completed military  training, adult) Women, children and metics (foreign residents, often merchants,  approximately half the population)(second tier was generally free) Slaves- neither citizens nor free ***democracy refers to the top tier only o Democratic institutions Assembly (ecclesia)- all Athenian citizens were eligible to attend (similar  to New England town meetings), Athens=direct democracy Juries (dycastery)- juries selected by lot of 6000 citizens from 30+ years  of age, size of jury depended on the issue (some were 400 people) Council (boule)- 500 people, selected by lot each year, 30+ years of age,  al ot of administrative work, draft things, etc., executive functions Socrates
Background image of page 2
o Born circa 470 BCE of lower birth (father was a sculptor and mother was a midwife) o Physical characteristics- pug nose, short, stout, good fighter (fought at Delium in 424 BCE) and apparently quite the drinker o Writings?- didn’t write anything down, all oral o Socratic method- method of asking questions to leader people to the truth instead of just giving them the answers o Intellectual role:
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLS 106 taught by Professor Morrell during the Fall '07 term at UConn.

Page1 / 14

Plato Notes - Introduction: Socrates and Plato in Ancient...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online