Critical Thinking Exercise:
Applying Classical Conditioning
Classical conditioning is a form of associative learning, learning produced by pairing of
stimuli and responses in time and place.
It contributes to likes and dislikes, emotional
reactions, and reflex-like responses to things.
Below, explain the situation being
described in terms of classical conditioning.
For each description, identify or suggest the
US, UR, CS, CR, as well as the principles likely to be at work.
The principles would
include stimulus generalization, stimulus discrimination, spontaneous recover, extinction.
While caring for a friend’s dog, you notice that it displays a fear-like posture as you
roll up a newspaper.
You try this several times more and become convinced that this
dog is generally afraid of rolled up newspapers.