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Chapter 17 Notes - Chapter 17 Notes Dates next to names are...

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Chapter 17 Notes Dates next to names are lifetimes unless otherwise specified, next to books are years published or written. Renaissance- 1300-1600, period of rebirth for Europe, started in northern Italy Medici Family- powerful banking family in Florence, controlled the gov. from 1434 into the 1500s Medici Family Tree o Giovanni Cosimo Piero the Gouty o Lorenzo Piero the Unfortunate Lorenzo II Giovanni di Lorenzo (Pope Leo X) o Guiliano Gilacio (Pope Clement VII) Giovanni de Medici (1360-1429)- started Medici family bank, built fortune Cosimo de Medici (1389-1464)- dictator of Florence from 1434-64 Lorenzo de Medici (Lorenzo the Magnificent) (1449-92)- dictator of Florence 1469-92 Humanities- Literature, Philosophy, and History; studies derived from humanism Patron- one who financially supports something Renaissance Man- one who is physically and mentally fit, proficient in all areas of both physical and mental study, brave but humble, and bold but kind The Courtier (1528)- book by Baldassare Castiglione that explains how to become a Renaissance Mane Renaissance Woman- a woman who can inspire art, knows the classics and humanities well, and is charming Isabella d’Este (1474-1539)- born to ruling family of Ferrara, married ruler of Mantua, skilled in politics, exercised power, patron of the arts, held off attackers from Mantua when her husband was kidnapped Perspective- art technique that shows three dimensions on a flat surface Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564)- Italian sculptor, poet, architect, and painter Donatello (1386-1466)- Italian artist, created the first free-standing nude sculpture in Europe since Ancient Greece and Rome, was a statue of David Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)- Italian painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist; true Renaissance Man Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520)- Italian artist, famous for use of perspective Sofonisba Anguissola (1532-1625)- first female artist to gain an international reputation, famous for portraits of famous people and her sisters; Italian Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-1656)- Italian; trained with her painter father and helped with his works; painted strong, heroic women in her own works Dante Alighieri (1265-1321)- Italian writer, wrote in his vernacular
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Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) (1304-74)- died day before turning 70, Italian poet, wrote in vernacular and Latin, wrote sonnet about mysterious woman called Laura in vernacular, sometimes called Father of Humanism Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-75)- Italian writer, most famous for Decameron Decameron - a series of realistic, sometimes off-color stories told from the perspective of a few people hiding in an Italian villa to escape from the plague, which has just hit Florence; presented the characters in all their individuality and all their folly The Prince (1513)- political advisory book by Niccolò Machiavelli, advisor to the Medici family, that examined the imperfect human nature by explaining how a prince can get to the top of the ladder Vittoria Colonna (1492-1547)- Italian political writer and poet, exchanged sonnets
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