Chapter 19 Notes - Chapter 19 An Age of Explorations and...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 19- An Age of Explorations and Isolation ( 1400 - 1800 ) Section 1- Europeans Explore the East A. Early 1400s , Europeans wanted to expand a. Renaissance encouraged a new spirit of adventure and curiosity I. Early Explorations A. Recall in 1100 , European crusaders battled Muslims for control of the Holy Lands B. Italian Marco Polo reached the court of Kublai Khan in China in 1275 C. European exploration motivated by: a. Desire to spread Christianity (God) b. Desire to spread European influence (glory) c. Desire to grow rich (gold) d. Improvements in sailing technology (opportunity) II. For “God, Glory, and Gold” A. Europeans seek New Trade Routes a. Wanted to trade spices and other goods from Asia a.i. Discovered during the Crusades a.ii. Merchants could charge high prices for these goods a.ii.1. Became a profitable business a.ii.2. To lower the price, they needed to cut out the middlemen (see above)- find route directly to Asia B. Spread of Religion a. Crusades= hate between Christians + Muslims b. Europeans wanted to convert people around the world (“sacred duties”) c. Bartolomeu Dias – explorer—spoke about desire to spread God and gain gold C. Technology a. Caravel introduced in 1400s a.i. Sturdier- 65 feet long a.ii. Had triangular sails- allowed for sailing against the wind b. Astrolabe b.i. Perfected by Muslims b.ii. Used to calculate latitude c. Magnetic compass c.i. Chinese invention III. Portugal Leads the Way A. First to establish trade along the west coast of Africa a. Price Henry ( 1394 - 1460 ) a.i. Helps conquer Muslim city of Ceuta in North Africa in 1415 a.ii. Devout Catholic, wanted to spread Christianity a.iii. Organized more than 14 voyages along western coast of Africa a.iv. Founded navigation school on southwestern coast of Portugal in 1419 a.iv.1. Mapmakers, instrument makers, shipbuilders, scientists, and sea captains all studied there b. Found many riches
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
c. Traded with Africans for gold and ivory; eventually for slaves (ch. 20, sec.3) B. Portuguese sailors are the first to reach Asia a. Bartolomea Dias (see quote above) reached tip of Africa in 1488 b. Vasco de Gama reached Calicut on southwestern coast of India in 1498 b.i. Voyage was 27,000 miles (see image ) b.ii. Cargo worth 60 times cost of voyage IV. Spain Also Makes Claims A. Spanish wanted direct sea route to Asia B. Christopher Columbus wanted to find Asia by sailing west in 1492 a. Reached island of Caribbean in October 1492 b. Discovered Americas c. Caused rivalry between Spain and Portugal to grow c.i. Pope Alexander VI stepped in to keep the peace in 1493 c.ii. Created line of demarcation c.ii.1. All lands to the east are Portugal’s c.ii.2. All lands to the west are Spain’s c.iii. Treaty of Tordesillas was signed so both countries agreed to honor the line in 1494 V. Trading Empires in the Indian Ocean A. Europeans scrambled for profitable trading outposts a. Fought the regions’ inhabitants and each other B. Portugal’s trading empire grew a. Defeated Muslims and took control of the spice trade in 1509 a.i. Mostly because of cannons a.ii. Strengthened by building a fort at Hormuz in 1514 a.ii.1.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern