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World Civ Final exam.wps - Between 1919 and 1945 three...

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-1 Between 1919 and 1945 three major dictatorships were formed. Each of these dictatorships practiced a different form of government. They were Fascism, Nazism, the German form of Fascism, and Communism. Fascism is defined as a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry and commerce, and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism. Whereas Communism is defined as a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state. While having similarities, Fascism, Nazism, and Communism also exhibited many differences. The Bolsheviks, headed by Lenin, took power of Russia in 1917 in the name of the working class. From the start of the communist regime, opposition was to be eliminated. “The communists began the Red Terror campaign in which suspected anticommunists known as Whites were arrested, tried, and executed (Bentley, 991).” The government proceeded to annul private property and assume control of the economy. The government was responsible for rationing food amongst its citizens. The government “seized crops from peasants to feed people in the cities (991).” Which resulted in reduced production from the peasants. With agricultural production continuing to fall, Lenin implemented the New Economic Policy, temporarily restoring the market economy. This allowed peasant farmers to sell their crops on the open market.
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