THE BEGINNINGS OF BUDDHISM – THE LIFE OF THE BUDDHA
i.) Buddhism is one of the world’s OLDEST and MOST SIGNIFICANT religions.
ii.) Buddhism had its beginnings in India and came from the experience of
(563-483) who came to be known as THE
iii.)Siddhartha was raised by his aunt.
Upon his birth, Siddhartha was inspected by a
The sage found marks on his body and declared that the child would either
become a world ruler
or, if he was exposed to suffering, a world teacher
his father wanted him to become a world ruler, he spoiled Siddhartha and kept
him away from suffering.
One day, however, Siddhartha left the royal grounds
and saw the
Four Passing Sights:
An old man, crooked and toothless
A sick man
A sannyasin, a wandering holy man, who had no possessions but seemed
to be at peace.
iv.)At age 29, Siddhartha decided to escape.
He went out into the world with nothing
This is called the
Great Going Forth:
went from teacher to teacher
asking questions, learning
the arts of meditation, and discussing philosophy.
However, he was still
Next, Siddhartha gained the company of
five other nomadic “seekers”
practiced great austerity.
He lived on so little water, food, and sleep
that he eventually collapsed from weakness.
He realized that his
austerities had not helped him find the answers he sought.
five companions, believing that he was “backsliding,” abandoned him.
Siddhartha decided to adopt a practice of
He resolved to sit
, facing east, until he came to the understanding he
An evil spirit,
, and his daughters tempted Siddhartha;
however, he resisted, and during one night he entered an increasingly
profound state of awareness.
It was at dawn that he reached a state of
profound understanding, called his
, or Enlightenment
He realized that suffering, aging, and death were inevitable parts
of life, but there was a possibility of release.
He then became the
, or the
v.) The Buddha reunited with his five companions and spent the rest of his life
traveling from village to village teaching his insights and his way of life.
gained many followers and donors gave land, groves, and buildings to the
Thus, the Buddha began an order of monks called
Buddha’s way was a
path of moderation
, or a
vi.)Finally Buddha passed.
His last advice: “Trust your own insights, and use self
control to reach perfection and inner peace.