L+20+Eridu+and+the+first+cities

L+20+Eridu+and+the+first+cities - Introduction to...

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Introduction to Archaeology Lecture 20: Mesopotamia, Eridu & the Lecture 20: Mesopotamia, Eridu & the First Cities First Cities Uruk period temple & ziggurat at Eridu
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Relief from Assyrian capital of Dur Sharmkin showing transport of Lebanese cedar 8 th century BC.
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Geography of Mesopotamia Geography of Mesopotamia Sumerian 5300 B.C. Babylonian 1900 BC Assyrian 900 BC
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The First Cities The First Cities
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Sumer: A Low, Hot Landscape Sumer: A Low, Hot Landscape Inhospitable sand, Tigris-Euphrates delta Rainfall is insufficient for crops No timber, building stone or precious metals Abundant fish, flax, rushes Boat transportation great for bulky goods Fertile soils Alluvium here about twice as productive as northern soils
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Only Irrigation Can Unlock The Natural Only Irrigation Can Unlock The Natural Fertility Of Sumerian Soils Fertility Of Sumerian Soils As early as 5,300 B.C., village farmers were diverting the rivers to their fields Grew barley, wheat, millet, sesame, dates Salinization is always a hazard Modern irrigated farmland in southern Mesopotamia
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Chronology of Sumerian Civilization Chronology of Sumerian Civilization Ubaid period 5,300 –4,100 B.C. st temples Uruk period 4,100-3,100 B.C. Land fertility DECREASES at this time due to water tables lowered with gulf water level recession Ziggurat construction; Uruk is the first city state Early Dynastic period 3,100-2,370 B.C. Occupation of the city of Ur
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Initial Mesopotamian Settlement, 5,500 B.C. Halafian pottery and village lifestyle spread south into northern Mesopotamia from the “Fertile Crescent” Cereal grains& stock breeding Small villages Tribal society Just prior to Ubaid period Were there temples present or not? Halaf bowl with intricate
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ARCH UNKNOWN taught by Professor Seeman during the Spring '08 term at Kent State.

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L+20+Eridu+and+the+first+cities - Introduction to...

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