review for mental illness

review for mental illness - Exam 2 Review Mental Illness...

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Exam 2 Review – Mental Illness Stress: a reaction to threat in a social environment. Social Stress Model o Stress is thought to occur when individuals are faced with a situation for which their usual modes of behavior are inadequate and the consequences of not adapting to the situation are perceived as serious o Most stress is socially induced as a result of social interaction between people and/or social structural conditions that have an adverse impact on a person’s sense of well-being o Stress can be defined as a heightened mind-body reaction to stimuli inducing fear or anxiety Leonard Pearlin o Social Stress Process o Claims stress is related to social roles o Emphasizes social role strain as a chronic stressor rather than life events as acute stressors o Chronic stress is a stronger predictor of psychological distress and mental health problems than acute stressors. o Stress has 3 components Stressors any condition having the potential to arouse the adaptive capacity of the individual Moderators coping abilities, sense of mastery, and sources of social support Outcomes the extent of distress experienced by the person o An individual’s subjective interpretation of a social situation is the trigger that produces physiological and mental responses. Therefore, a considerable amount of attention in stress research focuses on the relative importance of life events and differences in the vulnerability of the people exposed to these events. Stress and coping resources o Mastery: sense of personal control o Social support: family, friends, social networks o Self-esteem Psychological distress physical and mental
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o Dizziness, shaking/sweaty hands, trouble sleeping, changes in mood/emotion, etc. Life events o Cause stress when they are undesirable, life-altering, and unexpected. o “Non-events” are stressful too Exposure – Resource Paradigm o The relationship between SES and mental illness is the result of differential exposure to mental health risks and access to resources to cope with these risks. o Exposed to stress resources to cope Link and Phelan’s Fundamental Cause Theory o SES causes mental health o This is b/c it embodies resources that can be used to reduce the risk or minimize the consequences of becoming ill. Richard Wilkinson research on inequality and health disparities o The more socioeconomic inequality in a country, the better the overall level of population health in that country. o Modern medical effort to improve medical technology only adds about 5 years to modern life expectancy o Equal access to medical care does NOT erase the socioeconomic gradient in mental and physical health o Thus, medicine does NOT play a large role in health disparities. Social inequality is more important. o
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review for mental illness - Exam 2 Review Mental Illness...

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