CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL CONFLICTS (Presentation)

CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL CONFLICTS (Presentation) - CAUSES OF...

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CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL CONFLICTS Industry related factors : 1. Dismissal or non-employment of any person 2. Registered agreement, settlement or award 3. Demarcation of the functions of an employee Management related factors: 1. Management generally not willing to talk over any dispute with the employees or their representatives 2. The management’s unwillingness to recognize a particular trade union 3. Even when trade unions are recognized to some extent the employers hesitate to delegate enough authority which could enable them to negotiate properly 4. The lack of worker’s participation in various aspects like recruitment, promotion, transfers, merit awards etc. 9 January 2014 1
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Government related factors: 1. The changes in economic policies 2. Ineffective and unsatisfactory working of various laws and enactments due to the reason that : Most of the labour laws have lost their relevance in the context of changed industrial climate Improper and inadequate implementation of labour laws by most of the employers Inherent difficulties in monitoring the working of various labour laws Trade Union factors: 1. Trade union movement highly influenced by politics 2. Tense Inter-union rivalry among less important and dominant trade unions invariably sparks off disputes 9 January 2014 2
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Causes of Industrial Conflict Economic Causes Wages Bonus Overtime Payment Political Causes Political instability Affiliation of political parties with unions Social Causes Low morale in society Social values and norms Rich vs Poor disparity Class divisions Technological Causes Unsuitable technology Difficulty in technology adoption Resistance to change Fear of unemployment Psychological Causes Conflict in individual and organizational objectives Motivational problems Personality clashes Attitudinal problems Market Situation Rising prices Shortage in supply Legal Causes Inadequacy of legal machinery Causes of Industrial Disputes/Conflict 9 January 2014 3
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Manifestations of conflict Manifestation of Organized Group Conflict Manifestation of individual and Unorganized Conflict
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