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Ch 10 memory paper - In short-term memory the material is...

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Greg Dobson Psych Ch 10 Paper 4/3/08 Dr. Lane Discuss the three-box model of memory. Provide an example. The three-box model of memory represents the three interacting memory systems where memory storage takes place in the brain. The three systems are the sensory register, the Short-term memory, and the long-term memory. The sensory register has a large capacity for retaining incoming sensory information for a second or two until it can be processed further. It contains a number of separate memory subsystems, as many as there are senses, each having a different duration period. Information that doesn’t go on to short-term memory vanishes forever. Short-term memory holds a limited amount of information for a brief period of time, perhaps up to 30 seconds or so, unless a conscious effort is made to keep it there longer.
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Unformatted text preview: In short-term memory the material is no longer an exact sensory image but is an encoding of one, such as a word or phrase. This material can then be transferred either to long-term memory, or decay only to be lost forever. Long-term memory accounts for longer storage – from a few minutes to decades. Its capacity has no practical limits and the vast amount of information it stores is what allows us to do everyday tasks. One of the most common examples of the three-box model is when somebody is studying for a test: he/she reviews a study guide, sending visual sensory images to their sensory register where the material is then encoded into short-term memory as a word or phrase, and finally stored in long-term so you will know it for the test and hopefully years that follow....
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