The current iwrm mechanisms have not properly

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Unformatted text preview: ng Lessons Learned Although IWRM has received increasing international attention in recent decades, historical precedents present lessons. The current IWRM mechanisms have not properly considered similar previous attempts. Lessons from past initiatives are vital to the implementation of IWRM principles and policies. During the 1970s, many European countries implemented a considerable number of comprehensive watershed plans that resemble today’s IWRM plans. One example is Finland, which produced basin-wide plans,2 institutionalized the process by establishing the National Board of Waters, and implemented those plans. One of many implementations was the countrywide construction of municipal wastewater treatment plants, which at that time were already more advanced than 2 see, e.g., the plan for the Lower Kymi River; NBWF 1974, which served as a guiding framework for water districts authorities in Finland after Vakkilainen, 2003. Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy | http://ejournal.nbii.org 20 Spring 2005 | Volume 1 | Issue 1 Rahaman & Varis: Integrated Water Resource Management Shen, D. & Varis, O. 2000. World water vision: balancing thoughts after The Hague. Ambio 29(8): 523-525. Tortajada, C. 2004. Institutions for IWRM in Latin America. In Biswas, A.K., Varis, O. & Tortajada, C. (Eds.) Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. pp. 303-324. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. TWWF, The Third World Water Forum. 2003a. Summary Forum Statement, http://www.world.water-forum3.com/en/statement.html. February 21, 2005. TWWF, The Third World Water Forum. 2003b. Ministerial Declaration Message from the Lake Biwa and Yodo River Basin. http://www.world.water-forum3.com/jp/mc/md_final.pdf. February 21, 2005. UNESCO & Green Cross International. 2003. From Potential Conflict to Cooperation Potential: Water for Peace. Japan: UNESCO & Green Cross International. Vakkilainen, P. 2003. Personal Communication. Professor, Water Resources Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology. November 13. Varis, O. 2005. Externalities of integrated water resources management in South and Southeast Asia. In: A.K. Biswas, O. Varis, & C. Tortajada (Eds.): Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia: 1-38. Oxford University Press, Delhi. WCED. 1987. Our Common Future: Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press. WSSD. 2002. Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, A/Conf. 199/20. http://www.johannesburgsummit.org. February 21, 2005. WWC. 2000. Final Report. Second World Water Forum & Ministerial Conference. Vision to Action. Marseilles: World Water Council. Acknowledgement The authors wish to express their gratitude to Professor Pertti Vakkilainen for his critical and useful comments, guidance and suggestions during the writing of this publication. The comments and ideas of Tommi Kajander and Virpi Stucki are greatly appreciated. References Barkin, D. & King, T. 1986. Desarrollo Economico Regional (Enfoque por Cuencas Hidrologicas de Mexico), México: Siglo XXI Editores, 5ª edición. Berg, K. 1960. Die Wasserwirtschafliche Rahmenplanung in Hessen, Wiesbaden (In German). Biswas, A.K. 2004. From Mar del Plata to Kyoto: a review of global water policy dialogues. Global Environmental Change Part A 14: 81-88. Biswas, A.K. 2005. Integrated Water Resources Management: a reassessment. In A.K. Biswas, O. Varis, & C. Tortajada (Eds.) Integrated Water Resources Management in South and Southeast Asia. pp. 325-341. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. Brookes, A. 2002. Channelized Rivers: Perspectives for Environment Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Buijse, A.D., Coops, H., Staras, M. Jans, L.H., Van Geest, G.J., Grift, R.E., Ibelings, B.W., Ossterberg, W., & Roozen, F.C.J.M. 2002. Restoration strategies for river floodplains along large lowland rivers in Europe. Freshwater Biology 47: 889-907. Dooge, J.C.I. (Ed.) 2003. Water and ethics: Preliminary version. UNESCO and International Hydrological...
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