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Unformatted text preview: ng Lessons Learned
Although IWRM has received increasing
international attention in recent decades, historical
precedents present lessons. The current IWRM mechanisms
have not properly considered similar previous attempts.
Lessons from past initiatives are vital to the implementation
of IWRM principles and policies. During the 1970s, many
European countries implemented a considerable number of
comprehensive watershed plans that resemble today’s
IWRM plans. One example is Finland, which produced
basin-wide plans,2 institutionalized the process by
establishing the National Board of Waters, and implemented
those plans. One of many implementations was the
countrywide construction of municipal wastewater treatment
plants, which at that time were already more advanced than
2 see, e.g., the plan for the Lower Kymi River; NBWF 1974, which served
as a guiding framework for water districts authorities in Finland after
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The authors wish to express their gratitude to Professor Pertti
Vakkilainen for his critical and useful comments, guidance and
suggestions during the writing of this publication. The comments
and ideas of Tommi Kajander and Virpi Stucki are greatly
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This note was uploaded on 01/08/2014 for the course SUST 520 taught by Professor Asunkis during the Fall '13 term at Black Hills State University.
- Fall '13