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Unformatted text preview: tainable Development with Africa, Eastern
Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia.
The international political recognition, at WSSD,
of IWRM as the mechanism to achieve sustainable water
management will dramatically and positively change the
water world for the years to come. It is probable that IWRM
will become the most integral part of all water initiatives, as
was observed at the third World Water Forum in Kyoto,
2003. promote cooperation between countries and international
A range of organizations and countries-including
the World Water Council, Global Water Partnership,
UNESCO, UN-HABITAT, FAO, UNEP, IUCN, UNICEF,
Australia, the Netherlands, the EU, and Japan - made
commitments to develop the water sector. Over 100 such
commitments have been confirmed, and this number could
double (TWWF, 2003a). IWRM: Overly General Maxims Must Be
Seven Factors Towards a Successful IWRM
The last three decades of summits and megaconferences were essential in raising the international
community’s awareness of the urgency of integrated water
management. Over time, wise water management has been
recognized as an effective way to improve quality of life.
Three decades of conferences have resulted in many
commitments to IWRM that, unfortunately, were often not
Although IWRM is the current buzzword of
water resources development, future challenges remain in
reducing the gap between theoretically agreed policies and
The integration of different sectors related to
water management is very challenging. Moreover, the
problems and solutions associated with IWRM
implementation in different regions may not be universal.
Overly general or universal policies and guidelines for
implementing IWRM may become counterproductive.
Below, we highlight seven points and approaches
that need to be addressed by water professionals far more
carefully than in the contemporary guidelines to
successfully implement IWRM. The Third World Water Forum - Kyoto 2003
Over 24,000 people from around the world
attended the third World Water Forum, held in March 2003
in Kyoto, Japan. The key issues were safe, clean water for
all, good governance, capacity building, financing, public
participation, and various regional topics (TWWF, 2003a).
A two-day Ministerial conference resulted in the release of
a ministerial declaration on a range of water issues,
including water resource management, safe drinking water
and sanitation, water for food and rural development, water
pollution prevention and ecosystem conservation, as well as
disaster mitigation and risk management (TWWF, 2003b).
The forum again recommended IWRM as the
way to achieve sustainability regarding water resources.
The ministerial declaration addressed the necessity of
sharing benefits equitably, engaging with pro-poor and
gender perspectives in water policies, facilitating
stakeholder participation, ensuring good water governance
and transparency, building human and institutional
capacity, developing new mechanisms of public-private
partnership, promoting river basin management initiatives,
cooperating between riparian countries on transboundary
water issues, and encouraging scientific research.
The ministerial declaration also vowed support to
enable developing countries to achieve the UN Millennium
Development Goals, and for developing IWRM and water
efficiency plans in all river basins worldwide by 2005, the
target set at the World Summit on Sustainable
Development (TWWF, 2003b). Putting stakeholders and
water ministers from around the world together in a MultiStakeholder Dialogue (MSD) table for the first time in
water history was another key achievement. In addition, a
proposal to establish a network of websites to follow the
Portfolio of Water Actions received the fullest support of
all participants. This will result in information sharing and Privatization
Privatization and public-private partnership were
extensively disseminated at the Hague forum, the Bonn
conference, and the WSSD summit. Although the
privatization concept presently discourages subsidies, it
overlooks the fact that, in...
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- Fall '13