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Unformatted text preview: d did not
command them to leave Eden; they left because they had destroyed Eden, making life there unsustainable.
The concept of sustainability was ill-defined until 1987, when the U.N. World Commission on
Environment published "Our Common Future.” The report is often referred to as the "Brundtland Report"
because the Norwegian prime minister Gro Harlem Brundtland chaired the Commission (WCED 1987). The
authors defined sustainable development as development that "meets the needs of the present without
compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs (Dresner 2008)." It therefore emphasized
intragenerational and intergenerational equity. To better understand sustainable development we need to
examine human needs and how to meet them.
For a better future, we must design a society that meets our needs. And what are those needs? The
most famous elaboration is Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs (Figure 1). Maslow believed that humans are
happy when these needs are met. He listed the...
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- Fall '14