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Unformatted text preview: human well-being – wellbeing that lasts.” Thus, to understand sustainability, we must first understand the nature of human wellbeing.
One view is that human wellbeing is correlated with the degree of fulfillment of human needs. The
further up Maslow’s hierarchy of needs we rise, or the greater the number of Max-Neef’s fundamental human
needs we fulfill, the greater our wellbeing and happiness. While the Brundtland report defines sustainability in
terms of meeting human needs now and in the future, the Global Footprint Network defines it in terms of
human wellbeing, as does the Stiglitz report (2009): “The report distinguishes between an assessment of
current well-being and an assessment of sustainability, whether this can last over time. Current well-being has
to do with both economic resources, such as income, and with non-economic aspects of peoples’ life (what they
do and what they can do, how they feel, and the natural environment they live in). Whether these levels of wellbeing can be sustained over time depends on whether stocks of capital that matter for our lives (natural,
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- Fall '14