SOC 2 - Chpt 10 Outline - Crime Delinquency I Explanations...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.

Crime & Delinquency I. Explanations of Crime. i. Biological explanations of crime view criminal behavior as occurring in part from a person’s physical or biological makeup. ii. With psychological approaches, criminality is linked to personality disorder or maladjustment, usually developing during childhood. b. The Functionalist Perspective. i. The reduction in social restrictions result in a degree of social disorganization as people engage in needs & goals that may be harmful to the overall good of society. ii. Durkheim→ crime is one of the costs that we pay to live in the type of society that we do. iii. Anomie theory: “inconsistencies & contradictions in the social system contribute to many forms of crime” iv. Merton→ “people in the U.S. are taught to strive for certain goals but are not always provided with the culturally approved means necessary to attain these goals” v. Anomie: “inconsistencies & the confusion they can cause in people” vi. Innovation: people getting the cultural goals through illegal or other socially condemned means. vii. Many criminal acts result from the social & economic conditions of the U.S. viii. The rise in crime derives in part from the increasing opportunities to commit crimes made accessible by trends that a lot of people view as pleasing. c. The Conflict Perspective. i. The legal & criminal justice systems are equipped to benefit the dominant groups in society. ii. With laws, the powerful groups have control over the activities of other groups. 1. The powerful get the police to enforce laws against some crimes while ignoring other infractions of the law. iii. The social problem of crime is also influenced by the preferences & wellbeing of various groups in society. iv. Since the process of capitalism is continuous, it contains frequent cycles in which people are thrown out of work & communities are destroyed because of
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

the loss of jobs. 1. The features of capitalism mean that some levels of poverty & the crime that comes with it will always be with us. d. The Interactionist Perspective. i. Cultural transmission theories: “crime & delinquency are learned & culturally transmitted through socialization” ii. Differential association theory: “crime & delinquency are learned in interaction with other people, for the most part within intimate primary groups such as families & peer groups” 1. People learn the methods for engaging in criminal behavior. 2. People learn to value criminality more highly than conventional behavior. iii. Labeling theory: “whether other people define or label a person as deviant is a critical determinant in the development of a pattern of deviant behavior” iv. Primary deviance: “violation of social norms in which a person is not caught or is excused rather than labeled as a deviant” v. Secondary or career deviance: “the deviant behavior that a person adopts in response to the reaction of others to his or her primary deviance” 1. key consequences of the labeling process: a. its effect on a person’s self-concept b.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
  • Spring '12
  • VeraKennedy
  • Crime & Delinquency

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern