March_Days.pdf - March Days The March Days or March Events...

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March DaysPart of theArmenian-Azerbaijani War andSouthern Front of the Russian Civil WarAzerbaijani victims in BakuDate30 March – 2 April 1918LocationBaku Governorate,Transcaucasian CommissariatBelligerentsBolsheviksArmenianRevolutionaryFederationMusavat PartyCaucasian NativeCavalry DivisionCommanders and leadersStepan ShahumyanStrengthBolsheviks6,000 regular troops,Russian Fleetgunboats[1]Dashnaks4,000 militiamen[1]10,000 troops andmilitiamen[1]Casualties and losses2,500 Armenians[2]12,000 Azerbaijanisand other Muslimcivilians[3][a]March DaysTheMarch DaysorMarch Events(Azerbaijani:Marthadisələri) was a period of inter-ethnic strife and clasheswhich led to the death of about 12,000Azerbaijani[3][b]and other Muslim civilians that took place between 30March – 2 April 1918 in the city ofBaku and adjacentareas of theBaku Governorate of theTranscaucasianDemocratic Federative Republic.[5][6]FacilitatedbyapoliticalpowerstrugglebetweenBolshevikswiththesupportoftheArmenianRevolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutiun)[7][8][9]on oneside and the AzerbaijaniMusavat Party on another, theeventsledtorumoursofapossibleMuslimrevolt[10][11][12][13]on the part of Bolshevik and Dashnakforces[14][15]and the establishment of the short-livedBakuCommune in April 1918.[16]Most historic sources and accounts interpret the Marchevents in the context ofcivil war unrest,[17][18][7][19][20]while contemporaryAzerbaijani sources officially refers tothe March Days as agenocide(soyqırım).[21][22]Thesewere followed by theSeptember days where 10,000 ethnicArmenians were massacred byArmy of Islam and theirlocalAzerbaijani allies upon capturingBaku.[23][24]BackgroundPolitical situationDemographics and armed groupsEvents of 30 March – 2 April 1918CasualtiesAftermathAnalysis and interpretationsAzerbaijani positionSoviet positionArmenian positionOther positionsInternational recognitionLegacySee alsoNotesContents
Stepan Shahumyan, anethnicArmenian leader ofthe Bolshevik BakuSovietReferencesBibliographyFollowing theFebruary Revolution, aSpecial Transcaucasian Committee, including Armenian, Azerbaijaniand Georgian representatives, was established to administer parts of theSouth Caucasus under the control oftheRussian Provisional Government. After theOctober Revolution, on 11 November 1917, this committeewas replaced by theTranscaucasian Commissariat, also known as theSejm, with headquarters inTbilisi. TheSejm opposed Bolshevism and sought separation of the South Caucasus from Bolshevik Russia. To preventthat, on 13 November 1917, a group of Bolsheviks andLeft Socialist-Revolutionaries (SR) proclaimed theBaku Soviet, a governing body which assumed power over the territory ofBaku Governorate under theleadership of BolshevikStepan Shahumyan. Although the Baku Soviet included Azerbaijanis and Armenianswho were neither Bolsheviks nor necessarily sympathetic towards Bolshevik ideas,[1]the two nationalistparties and members of theSejm ― theMusavat[25]and

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Test, The Land, Azerbaijan, Baku

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